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Movilidad intergeneracional en América Latina

Author

Listed:
  • Jere R. Behrman
  • Alejandro Gaviria
  • Miguel Székely

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) El elevado grado de desigualdad ha sido visto por mucho tiempo como uno de los principales problemas que encaran los países latinoamericanos. Para comprender mejor los factores determinantes de la desigualdad y ayudar a orientar el pensar sobre las opciones de políticas, conviene averiguar primero si la desigualdad obedece o no principalmente a una escasa capacidad de movilización intergeneracional, o si es impulsada por diferencias en características individuales que surgen independientemente del historial familiar. En este trabajo empleamos cinco encuestas de hogares con preguntas sobre las características socioeconómicas de los padres de adultos, y un conjunto de 112 encuestas estándar entre hogares, para analizar la transmisión intergeneracional de escolaridad y el estado ocupacional en América Latina y Estados Unidos. Hallamos que la movilidad intergeneracional es mucho mayor en EE. UU. que en América Latina, que hay diferencias considerables de movilidad dentro de América Latina y que la movilidad en América Latina se relaciona fuertemente con los niveles de escolaridad y los gastos en educación.

Suggested Citation

  • Jere R. Behrman & Alejandro Gaviria & Miguel Székely, 2001. "Movilidad intergeneracional en América Latina," Research Department Publications 4268, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4268
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