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Geografía y desarrollo económico en México

  • Gerardo Esquivel

Este trabajo analiza el papel de las características geográficas en la explicación del patrón de desarrollo económico regional en México. Los resultados obtenidos demuestran que algunas variables geográficas, como el clima y la vegetación, explican una parte importante de las diferencias que existen tanto en el nivel como en la tasa de crecimiento del ingreso per capita entre los estados mexicanos. Un análisis simple de los determinantes de la esperanza de vida y de la escolaridad promedio demuestra que los aspectos geográficos también juegan un papel importante en la explicación de los diferenciales inter-estatales de estas variables en México. Estos resultados sugieren que una posible influencia de la geografía en el desarrollo económico regional se da a través de su efecto en el capital humano. Finalmente, este trabajo examina la contribución de las variables geográficas a la desigualdad regional en México. Los resultados de este ejercicio demuestran que los factores geográficos son los que más han contribuido a la desigualdad regional en México.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 3090.

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Date of creation: Apr 2000
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:3090
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  1. McGrattan, Ellen R. & Schmitz, James Jr., 1999. "Explaining cross-country income differences," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 10, pages 669-737 Elsevier.
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  7. Amar Hamoudi & Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1999. "The Changing Global Distribution of Malaria: A Review," CID Working Papers 2, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
  8. Francesco Caselli & Gerardo Esquivel & Fernando Lefort, 1997. "Reopening the Convergence Debate: A New Look at Cross-Country Growth Empirics," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 03, Central Bank of Chile.
  9. David E. Bloom & Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1998. "Geography, Demography, and Economic Growth in Africa," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 29(2), pages 207-296.
  10. Kalemli-Ozcan, Sebnem & Ryder, Harl E. & Weil, David N., 2000. "Mortality decline, human capital investment, and economic growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 1-23, June.
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