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Linking scientific and practical knowledge in innovation systems

Author

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  • Isaksen, Arne

    () (Dept of working life and innovation)

  • Nilsson, Magnus

    () (CIRCLE, Lund University)

Abstract

New research indicates that firms combining the science-based STI (Science, Technology, Innovation) and the experience-based DUI (Doing, Using, Interacting) modes of innovation are more efficient when it comes to improving innovation capacity and competitiveness. With regard to innovation policy, the STI mode calls for a supply driven policy, typically aimed to commercialise research results. The DUI mode suggests a demand driven policy approach, such as supporting the development of new products or services to specific markets. This paper analyses how the two types of innovation policy and the two innovation modes can be combined in regional innovation systems. The analysis builds on studies of the food industry and related knowledge organisations in two counties, Rogaland County (Norway) and Skåne County (Sweden), and two policy initiatives (NCE Culinology and Skåne Food Innovation Network) aimed at strengthening the innovative capability of the regional innovation systems. The analysis indicates that policies aimed to link science and user driven innovation activity should focus on building absorptive capacity of DUI firms (e.g. through increased scientific competence) and implementation capacity of STI firms (e.g. through increased market and process competence).

Suggested Citation

  • Isaksen, Arne & Nilsson, Magnus, 2011. "Linking scientific and practical knowledge in innovation systems," Papers in Innovation Studies 2011/12, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:lucirc:2011_012
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    File URL: http://wp.circle.lu.se/upload/CIRCLE/workingpapers/201112_Isaksen_Nilsson.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jensen, Morten Berg & Johnson, Bjorn & Lorenz, Edward & Lundvall, Bengt Ake, 2007. "Forms of knowledge and modes of innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 680-693, June.
    2. Chaminade, Cristina & Lundvall, Bengt-Ake & Vang-Lauridsen, Jan & Joseph, KJ, 2010. "Innovation policies for development: towards a systemic experimentation based approach," Papers in Innovation Studies 2010/1, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    3. Susana Borrás & Dimitrios Tsagdis, 2008. "Cluster Policies in Europe," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 4134.
    4. Bengt-åke Lundvall & Jan Vang & K.J. Joseph, 2009. "Innovation System Research and Developing Countries," Chapters,in: Handbook of Innovation Systems and Developing Countries, chapter 1 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Cristina Chaminade & Bengt-åke Lundvall & Jan Vang & K. J. Joseph, 2009. "Designing Innovation Policies for Development: Towards a Systemic Experimentation-based Approach," Chapters,in: Handbook of Innovation Systems and Developing Countries, chapter 13 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Arne Isaksen & Svend Otto Remøe, 2001. "New Approaches to Innovation Policy: Some Norwegian Examples," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3), pages 285-302, April.
    7. Bj–rn Johnson & Edward Lorenz & Bengt-Åke Lundvall, 2002. "Why all this fuss about codified and tacit knowledge?," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(2), pages 245-262.
    8. Arne Isaksen, 2009. "Innovation Dynamics of Global Competitive Regional Clusters: The Case of the Norwegian Centres of Expertise," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(9), pages 1155-1166.
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    10. Nilsson, Magnus & Moodysson, Jerker, 2011. "Policy coordination in systems of innovation: A structural-functional analysis of regional industry support in Sweden," Papers in Innovation Studies 2011/9, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    11. Todtling, Franz & Trippl, Michaela, 2005. "One size fits all?: Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1203-1219, October.
    12. Harald Bathelt & Andersand Malmberg & Peter Maskell, 2002. "Clusters and Knowledge Local Buzz, Global Pipelines and the Process of Knowledge Creation," DRUID Working Papers 02-12, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
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    1. repec:elg:eechap:16617_1 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Bjørn T. Asheim & Arne Isaksen & Roman Martin & Michaela Trippl, 2017. "The role of clusters and public policy in new regional economic path development," Chapters,in: The Life Cycle of Clusters, chapter 1, pages 13-34 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Asheim , Bjørn & Grillitsch , Markus, 2015. "Smart specialisation: Sources for new path development in a peripheral manufacturing region," Papers in Innovation Studies 2015/11, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    innovation policy; scientific knowledge; practical knowledge; regional innovation systems; food industry; Norway; Sweden;

    JEL classification:

    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy

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