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Global-local linkages, Spillovers and Cultural Clusters: Theoretical and Empirical insights from an exploratory study of Toronto’s Film Cluster


  • Vang, Jan

    () (CIRCLE, Lund University and Copenhagen Institute of Technology, Aalborg University)

  • Chaminade, Cristina

    () (CIRCLE, Lund University)


This paper illustrates the importance of global-local linkages in cultural cluster studies by discussing the impact of Hollywood’s runway productions on the indigenous film cluster in Toronto, Canada. While global-local linkages are at the forefront of the current debate in cluster studies, the discussion has not yet permeated the research on cultural clusters. The paper identifies the limitations to the dominant models, inserts global-local linkages in the literature and applies it empirically. The inclusion of the global linkages in the analysis of the Toronto film cluster provides a new insight into the current development barriers faced by the indigenous film industry. The paper suggests how Hollywood’s offshoring and outsourcing activities to Toronto can be transformed into positive spillovers for the indigenous film cluster.

Suggested Citation

  • Vang, Jan & Chaminade, Cristina, 2007. "Global-local linkages, Spillovers and Cultural Clusters: Theoretical and Empirical insights from an exploratory study of Toronto’s Film Cluster," Papers in Innovation Studies 2007/3, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:lucirc:2007_003

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lee, Keun & Lim, Chaisung, 2001. "Technological regimes, catching-up and leapfrogging: findings from the Korean industries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 459-483, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ram Mudambi, 2013. "Location, control and firm innovation: the case of the mobile handset industry," Chapters,in: Handbook of Industry Studies and Economic Geography, chapter 9, pages 230-252 Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item


    creative industries; globalization; clusters; film industry; Toronto;

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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