Escalation of Commitment in Investment Decisions: The Role of Emotions under Uncertainty
The purpose of this study is to better understand whether emotional aspects affect entrepreneurs’ and owner-managers’ decisions in investment situations when escalation of commitment can be observed and where the level of uncertainty was also added to the emotional aspect. The study was performed using conjoint analysis (a.k.a stated preference technique) and yielded following results: positive emotions (self-confidence, challenge, and hope) increase the decision-maker’s propensity to escalate commitment. Negative emotions (embarrassment and strain) do not, on the other hand, make the entrepreneur prone to escalate. The result remains the same for all positive emotions where an increasing level of uncertainty tends to make the entrepreneur more prone to escalate. Strain and embarrassment, under high uncertainty, decrease the tendency to escalate. All results are significant except for frustration that does not show any significant relationship. The combination of cognitive decision theories and emotional theories enhances our knowledge about the emotive side of entrepreneurs’ motives to escalate. The results also enable us to supplement and refine existing theories on self-justification.
|Date of creation:||05 Dec 2008|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: CISEG (Centre for Innovation Systems, Entrepreneurship and Growth), Jönköping International Business School, P.O. Box 1026, SE-551 11 Jönköping, Sweden|
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- Muramatsu, Roberta & Hanoch, Yaniv, 2005. "Emotions as a mechanism for boundedly rational agents: The fast and frugal way," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 201-221, April.
- Connolly, Terry & Ordonatez, Lisa D. & Coughlan, Richard, 1997. "Regret and Responsibility in the Evaluation of Decision Outcomes," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 73-85, April.
- Dequech, David, 2000. "Confidence and action: a comment on Barbalet," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 503-515, November.
- Brundin, Ethel & Patzelt, Holger & Shepherd, Dean A., 2008. "Managers' emotional displays and employees' willingness to act entrepreneurially," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 221-243, March.
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