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Regional income convergence in the Scandinavian countries

  • Bentzen, Jan

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business)

  • Smith, Valdemar

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business)

Using regional income data covering the time period since the early 1970s for all regions of the Scandinavian countries the often addressed topic of income convergence is tested. The empirical part of the paper applies different tests of convergence which are usually appearing in connection with the question of convergence in relation to neoclassical growth models. Following Sala-i-Martin the so-called beta-convergence test is applied but due to methodological problems associated with this technique, alternative time series tests are also considered. The newly introduced test by Nahar and Inder is applied to the income data, where this methodology allows for a less restrictive interpretation of convergence in a time series context compared to e.g. the Bernard-Durlauf unit root types of test. The time series tests indicate that there is most support to the notion of absolute convergence in real incomes among the regions of the Scandinavian countries in the sense that incomes converge towards the region with the highest ‘leading’ income level (the 'leader').

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Paper provided by University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 03-20.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: 28 Jan 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:aareco:2003_020
Contact details of provider: Postal:
The Aarhus School of Business, Prismet, Silkeborgvej 2, DK 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark

Phone: +45 89 486396
Fax: +45 8615 5175
Web page: http://www.asb.dk/departments/nat.aspx

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  1. Robert J. Barro & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1991. "Convergence across States and Regions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(1), pages 107-182.
  2. Efthymios Tsionas, 2000. "Regional Growth and Convergence: Evidence from the United States," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 231-238.
  3. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-51, April.
  4. Li, Qing & Papell, David, 1999. "Convergence of international output Time series evidence for 16 OECD countries," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 267-280, September.
  5. Nahar, S. & Inder, B., 1998. "Testing Convergence in Economic Growth for OECD Countries," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 14/98, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
  6. Bernard, A.B. & Durlauf, S.N., 1993. "Convergence in International Output," Working papers 93-7, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  7. Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 1995. "The classical approach to convergence analysis," Economics Working Papers 117, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  8. Camarero, M. & Esteve, V. & Tamarit, C., 1996. "Price Convergence of Periphical European Countries on the Way to the EMU: A Time Series Approach," Weiss Center Working Papers 96-2, Wharton School - Weiss Center for International Financial Research.
  9. Bernard, Andrew B. & Durlauf, Steven N., 1996. "Interpreting tests of the convergence hypothesis," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1-2), pages 161-173.
  10. Loewy, Michael B. & Papell, David H., 1996. "Are U.S. regional incomes converging? Some further evidence," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 587-598, December.
  11. Carlino, Gerald & Mills, Leonard, 1996. "Are U.S. regional incomes converging? Reply," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 599-601, December.
  12. Greasley, David & Oxley, Les, 1997. "Time-series based tests of the convergence hypothesis: Some positive results," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 143-147, October.
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