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Public Spending as a Source of Endogenous Business Cycles in a Ramsey Model with Many Agents

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  • Kazuo Nishimura

    (Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto University - Kyoto University [Kyoto])

  • Carine Nourry

    () (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - ECM - Ecole Centrale de Marseille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales, IUF - Institut Universitaire de France - M.E.N.E.S.R. - Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche)

  • Thomas Seegmuller

    () (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - ECM - Ecole Centrale de Marseille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales)

  • Alain Venditti

    () (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille - ECM - Ecole Centrale de Marseille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales, EDHEC Business School - Département Comptabilité, Droit, Finance et Economie)

Abstract

We introduce public spending, financed through income taxation, in the Ramsey model with heterogeneous agents. Public spending as a source of welfare generates more complex dynamics. In contrast to previous contributions focusing on similar models but with wasteful public spending, limit cycles through Hopf bifurcation and expectation-driven fluctuations appear if the degree of capital-labor substitution is large enough to be compatible with capital income monotonicity. Moreover, unlike frameworks with a representative agent, our results do not require externalities in production and are compatible with a weakly elastic labor supply with respect to wage.

Suggested Citation

  • Kazuo Nishimura & Carine Nourry & Thomas Seegmuller & Alain Venditti, 2013. "Public Spending as a Source of Endogenous Business Cycles in a Ramsey Model with Many Agents," Working Papers halshs-00796698, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00796698
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00796698
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Sorger, Gerhard, 2002. "On the Long-Run Distribution of Capital in the Ramsey Model," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 105(1), pages 226-243, July.
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    3. Robert Becker & Stefano Bosi & Cuong Le Van & Thomas Seegmuller, 2012. "On existence, efficiency and bubbles of Ramsey equilibrium with borrowing constraints," Caepr Working Papers 2012-001, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Economics Department, Indiana University Bloomington.
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    Cited by:

    1. Becker, Robert A. & Borissov, Kirill & Dubey, Ram Sewak, 2015. "Ramsey equilibrium with liberal borrowing," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 296-304.
    2. Kazuo Nishimura & Carine Nourry & Thomas Seegmuller & Alain Venditti, 2015. "On the (de)stabilizing effect of public debt in a Ramsey model with heterogeneous agents," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 11(1), pages 7-24, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    endogenous cycles; indeterminacy; heterogeneous agents; public spending; endogenous labor supply; borrowing constraint;

    JEL classification:

    • C62 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies

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