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Contrats Incitatifs et Réforme des Douanes dans les PED : une Application des Modèles d'Agence Hiérarchique

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  • Vianney Dequiedt

    (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - UdA - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Anne-Marie Geourjon

    (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - UdA - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Grégoire Rota-Graziosi

    (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - UdA - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Dans de nombreux pays en voie de développement, des Programmes de Vérification des Importations (PVI) ont été instaurés pour combattre la corruption des administrations douanières. Ils consistent à déléguer l'inspection des importations à une entreprise privée qui opère dans les pays exportateurs. De tels programmes s'avèrent particulièrement coûteux car l'entreprise se paye généralement entre 0,5% et 0,8% de la valeur FOB des marchandises inspectées. Dans cet article, nous analysons l'efficacité de ces programmes à la lumière de la théorie de l'agence. Plus précisément, nous utilisons le modèle d'agence hiérarchique afin d'appréhender les interactions entre le gouvernement, l'administration douanière, l'importateur et l'entreprise assurant le PVI. De cette analyse nous déduisons quelques recommandations qui concernent entre autres l'identité des contractants, la modernisation des administrations douanières ou la politique de réconciliation.

Suggested Citation

  • Vianney Dequiedt & Anne-Marie Geourjon & Grégoire Rota-Graziosi, 2011. "Contrats Incitatifs et Réforme des Douanes dans les PED : une Application des Modèles d'Agence Hiérarchique," Working Papers halshs-00554331, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00554331
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00554331
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Patrick Bolton & Mathias Dewatripont, 2005. "Contract Theory," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262025760, January.
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    8. Johnson, Noel, 2001. "Committing to civil service reform : the performance of pre-shipment inspection under different institutional regimes," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2594, The World Bank.
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    10. De Wulf, Luc, 1981. "Statistical analysis of under- and overinvoicing of imports," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 303-323, June.
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