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Intergenerational Educational Mobility : is there a religion effect in France?

  • Boubaker Hlaimi

    (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - AMU - Aix-Marseille Université - CNRS - Université de Provence - Aix-Marseille 1 - Université de la Méditerranée - Aix-Marseille 2, LEN - Laboratoire d'Economie de Nantes - UN - Université de Nantes)

This paper explores intergenerational educational mobility for three groups of individuals: Christian natives, Christian immigrants and Muslim immigrants. We develop an econometric specification for educational attainment which shows that a higher level of parent education increases differently the child education among the three groups with a special advantage for daughters. We find higher intergenerational correlation for Christian natives than for Muslims immigrants, but an intermediate level for Christian immigrants. For the three communities, we show an advantage for mother education; however this advantage differs between daughters and sons. Furthermore, we find significant effects of family variables such as birth order, family size or sibling composition which vary among the three groups. The gap between Christian and Muslim immigrants remains approximately low and a possible convergence of education levels is possible given an educational system mainly public and free.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00137920.

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Date of creation: 14 Mar 2007
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00137920
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00137920
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  1. Becker, Gary S & Tomes, Nigel, 1979. "An Equilibrium Theory of the Distribution of Income and Intergenerational Mobility," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1153-89, December.
  2. Alberto Bisin & Thierry Verdier, 2000. ""Beyond The Melting Pot": Cultural Transmission, Marriage, And The Evolution Of Ethnic And Religious Traits," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 115(3), pages 955-988, August.
  3. Gary S. Becker & Nigel Tomes, 1994. "Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families," NBER Chapters, in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education (3rd Edition), pages 257-298 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Bjorklund, Anders & Jantti, Markus, 1997. "Intergenerational Income Mobility in Sweden Compared to the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(5), pages 1009-18, December.
  5. Chiswick, Barry R, 1988. "Differences in Education and Earnings across Racial and Ethnic Groups: Tastes, Discrimination, and Investments in Child Quality," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 103(3), pages 571-97, August.
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