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Tarification et variabilité des coûts hospitaliers : Le cas de l'infarctus du myocarde

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  • Carine Milcent

    () (PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres, CEPREMAP - Centre pour la recherche économique et ses applications)

Abstract

Ce papier vise à étudier la variabilité des coûts hospitaliers pour des séjours comparables en pathologies et en procédures (Groupe homogène de séjours _GHS). A l'époque du budget global, une forte variabilité des coûts était observée entre les hôpitaux publics français. Qu'en est--‐il aujourd'hui ? La tarification à l'activité (T2A) mise en place entre 2004 et 2008, a introduit la concurrence entre les établissements hospitaliers français qu'ils soient publics, privés, à but non lucratif ou à but lucratif. Avec la T2A, les établissements sont désormais payés au forfait par séjour. Théoriquement, un mode de tarification par forfait devrait conduire les établissements à minimiser leurs coûts afin de gagner la différence entre le forfait et le coût. La mise en concurrence des établissements devrait accélérer ce mécanisme de minimisation des coûts. Nous montrons que si les changements majeurs dans les modes de régulation ont en effet conduit à une certaine homogénéisation des coûts et à une réelle prise en compte de l'hétérogénéité des individus, les forfaits par GHM ne capturent cependant pas toute l'hétérogénéité entre les établissements ni entre les patients.

Suggested Citation

  • Carine Milcent, 2015. "Tarification et variabilité des coûts hospitaliers : Le cas de l'infarctus du myocarde," PSE Working Papers halshs-01202684, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:psewpa:halshs-01202684
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01202684
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    References listed on IDEAS

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