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Decision under psychological pressure: The shooter's anxiety at the penalty kick

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  • Luc Arrondel

    () (PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement)

  • Richard Duhautois
  • Jean-François Laslier

    ()

Abstract

The paper analyses sequences of penalty kicks during football shoot-outs in French cup competitions. We consider in detail the psychological effects to which the kicker is subject: the fear of winning, the fear of losing, the expected outcomes and how much is at stake. Our main conclusion is that the performance (the probability of scoring) is negatively affected by both what is at stake (the impact of my scoring on the expected probability that my team will eventually win) and the difficulty of the situation (the ex ante probability of my team eventually losing). We find no advantage for the team that takes the first kick.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Luc Arrondel & Richard Duhautois & Jean-François Laslier, 2019. "Decision under psychological pressure: The shooter's anxiety at the penalty kick," PSE-Ecole d'économie de Paris (Postprint) hal-03044360, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseptp:hal-03044360
    DOI: 10.1016/j.joep.2018.10.008
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03044360
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    Cited by:

    1. Mark Kassis & Sascha L. Schmidt & Dominik Schreyer & Matthias Sutter, 2020. "Psychological pressure and the right to determine the moves in dynamic tournaments – Evidence from a natural field experiment," ECONtribute Discussion Papers Series 024, University of Bonn and University of Cologne, Germany.
    2. Bar-Eli, Michael & Krumer, Alex & Morgulev, Elia, 2020. "Ask not what economics can do for sports - Ask what sports can do for economics," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 89(C).
    3. L'aszl'o Csat'o & D'ora Gr'eta Petr'oczy, 2020. "A comprehensive theoretical analysis of soccer penalty shootout designs," Papers 2004.09225, arXiv.org, revised Jan 2021.
    4. Viktor Bozhinov & Nora Grote, 2019. "Performance under Pressure on the Court: Evidence from Professional Volleyball," Working Papers 1901, Gutenberg School of Management and Economics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz.
    5. Krumer, Alex, 2020. "Pressure versus ability: Evidence from penalty shoot-outs between teams from different divisions," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 89(C).

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