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The Dictatorship of the Popes

Author

Listed:
  • Fabio Padovano

    () (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - UNIV-RENNES - Université de Rennes - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Ronald Wintrobe

    () (Department of Economics - Western University)

Abstract

This paper takes the view that theocracies are essentially a form of dictatorship and verifies whether this interpretation is empirically supported when applied to the longest lasting example of theocracy, the temporal power of the Popes. The length of its record and the many historical shocks it had to face reveal information about the incentives and constraints that characterize it. We use this information to test some of the predictions of a theory of dictatorship about the durability of, and the source of opposition to the various regimes on data about the Papacy. The results appear to support the theory.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Padovano & Ronald Wintrobe, 2013. "The Dictatorship of the Popes," Post-Print halshs-00846717, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00846717
    DOI: 10.1111/kykl.12026
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00846717
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fabio Padovano & Ronald Wintrobe, 2012. "Theocracy is just another Form of Dictatorship: Theory and Evidence from the Papal Regimes," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201302, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    2. Wintrobe,Ronald, 2000. "The Political Economy of Dictatorship," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521794497.
    3. Muhammed N. Islam & Stanley L. Winer, 2004. "Tinpots, Totalitarians (and Democrats): An Empirical Investigation of the Effects of Economic Growth on Civil Liberties and Political Rights," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 118(3_4), pages 289-323, March.
    4. Alexander Libman & Vladimir Kozlov & André Schultz, 2012. "Roving Bandits in Action: Outside Option and Governmental Predation in Autocracies," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 65(4), pages 526-562, November.
    5. Lazarev, Valery & Gregory, Paul, 2003. "Commissars and cars: A case study in the political economy of dictatorship," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 1-19, March.
    6. Bernholz, Peter, 2001. "Ideocracy and Totalitarianism: A Formal Analysis Incorporating Ideology," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 108(1-2), pages 33-75, July.
    7. Ferrero, Mario, 2002. "Competition for Sainthood and the Millennial Church," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(3), pages 335-360.
    8. repec:cup:apsrev:v:84:y:1990:i:03:p:849-872_19 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Lisa Anderson & Jennifer Mellor & Jeffrey Milyo, 2010. "Did the Devil Make Them Do It? The Effects of Religion in Public Goods and Trust Games," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 63(2), pages 163-175, May.
    10. Brighita Bercea & Robert B. Ekelund & Robert D. Tollison, 2005. "Cathedral Building as an Entry‐Deterring Device," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(4), pages 453-465, November.
    11. repec:cup:apsrev:v:87:y:1993:i:03:p:567-576_10 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Thomas Apolte, 2012. "Why is there no revolution in North Korea?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 150(3), pages 561-578, March.
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    1. repec:ebl:ecbull:eb-17-00816 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jerg Gutmann, 2015. "Believe, But Verify? The Effect of Market Structure on Corruption in Religious Organizations," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 68(2), pages 153-164, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    theocracy; dictatorship; temporal power;

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