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A quoi servent les comités d'audit ? Un regard sur la recherche empirique

Author

Listed:
  • C. Piot

    (CERAG - Centre d'études et de recherches appliquées à la gestion - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • L. Kermiche

    (CERAG - Centre d'études et de recherches appliquées à la gestion - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Résumé. Dans une optique disciplinaire de la gouvernance, cet article propose un cadre d'analyse des contributions du comité d'audit, en termes de qualité du processus d'audit d'une part (effets indirects), et de qualité de l'information financière publiée d'autre part (effets directs). Une revue approfondie de la recherche empirique nous permet alors d'évaluer les principaux leviers d'action des comités d'audit, ainsi que les conditions d'efficacité de ces organes. Dans les grandes lignes, il ressort qu'un comité d'audit indépendant contribue souvent à la qualité de l'audit externe et à la fiabilité des données comptables (avec des nuances) ; et que l'expertise financière du comité stimule la fiabilité du contrôle interne et la pertinence des états financiers. Indépendance et expertise apparaissent alors comme des attributs importants et complémentaires à l'efficacité du comité d'audit. Les limites et prolongements possibles de ce courant de recherche sont discutés.

Suggested Citation

  • C. Piot & L. Kermiche, 2009. "A quoi servent les comités d'audit ? Un regard sur la recherche empirique," Post-Print halshs-00537952, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00537952
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00537952
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    References listed on IDEAS

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