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Las maquiladores en Centroamérica. (Axe II, Symposium 6)

  • José Vargas-Hernández


    (CUCEA - Centro Universitario de Ciencias Económico Administrativas - Universidad de Guadalajara)

Este trabajo tiene por objetivo analizar las perspectivas del papel que tienen las maquiladoras en Centroamérica como palanca del crecimiento económico y del desarrollo social de la región. Después de una breve revisión histórica de la emergencia de las maquiladoras en la región Centroamericana, se analiza su contexto para hacer énfasis en el régimen legal de importación temporal y como régimen legal de zona franca administrada o recinto fiscal. Posteriormente se analizan los impactos que tiene la industria maquiladora en el crecimiento económico regional y en la generación de empleo bajo la variable de la competencia asiática. Después de la discusión se hace la prospectiva para analizar las tendencias y finalmente se ofrecen en las recomendaciones varias estrategias, entre las cuales destaca la promoción de la creación de maquiladoras que vaya más allá de aprovechar como ventaja comparativa la mano de obra barata. Los países centroamericanos deben formular e implementar estrategias de diversificación de maquiladoras en ramas industriales que impliquen un mayor valor agregado y procesos de innovación tecnológica.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00503171.

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Date of creation: 30 Jun 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published - Presented, Independencias - Dependencias - Interdependencias, VI Congreso CEISAL 2010, 2010, Toulouse, France
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00503171
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  1. Antras, Pol, 2003. "Firms, Contracts, and Trade Structure," Scholarly Articles 3196328, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  2. Eswar S. Prasad & Raghuram G. Rajan & Arvind Subramanian, 2007. "Foreign Capital and Economic Growth," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 38(1), pages 153-230.
  3. Campos, Nauro F & Kinoshita, Yuko, 2008. "Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms: Evidence from Eastern Europe and Latin America," CEPR Discussion Papers 6690, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. M. Ayhan Kose & Kenneth Rogoff & Eswar Prasad & Shang-Jin Wei, 2003. "Effects of Financial Globalization on Developing Countries: Some Empirical Evidence," IMF Occasional Papers 220, International Monetary Fund.
  5. Alain Lipietz, 1997. "El mundo del postfordismo," ENSAYOS DE ECONOMÍA 009504, UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA SEDE MEDELLIN.
  6. Bengoa, Marta & Sanchez-Robles, Blanca, 2003. "Foreign direct investment, economic freedom and growth: new evidence from Latin America," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 529-545, September.
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