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Cash Transfers and Migration: Theory and Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial

Author

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  • Jules Gazeaud

    (NOVA - Universidade Nova de Lisboa = NOVA University Lisbon)

  • Eric Mvukiyehe
  • Olivier Sterck

Abstract

Will the fast expansion of cash-based programming in poor countries increase international migration? Theoretically, cash transfers may deter migration by increasing its opportunity cost, or favor migration by relaxing liquidity, credit, and risk constraints. This paper evaluates the impact of a cash-for-work program on migration. Randomly selected households in Comoros were offered up to US$320 in cash in exchange for their participation in public works projects. We find that the program increased international migration by 38 percent, from 7.8% to 10.8%.

Suggested Citation

  • Jules Gazeaud & Eric Mvukiyehe & Olivier Sterck, 2022. "Cash Transfers and Migration: Theory and Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial," Post-Print hal-03512282, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-03512282
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael A. Clemens & Mariapia Mendola, 2020. "Migration from Developing Countries: Selection, Income Elasticity, and Simpson’s Paradox," Working Papers 539, Center for Global Development.
    2. Jules Gazeaud & Victor Stephane, 2023. "Productive Workfare? Evidence from Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Program," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 105(1), pages 265-290, January.
    3. Bah, Tijan L. & Batista, Catia & Gubert, Flore & McKenzie, David, 2023. "Can information and alternatives to irregular migration reduce “backway” migration from The Gambia?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 165(C).
    4. Clemens, Michael A., 2022. "Do Cash Transfers Deter Migration?," IZA Policy Papers 191, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Gazeaud, Jules & Ricard, Claire, 2024. "Learning effects of conditional cash transfers: The role of class size and composition," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 166(C).
    6. Gazeaud, Jules & Khan, Nausheen & Mvukiyehe, Eric & Sterck, Olivier, 2023. "With or without him? Experimental evidence on cash grants and gender-sensitive trainings in Tunisia," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 165(C).
    7. Bagga,Aanchal & Holmlund,Marcus Erik & Khan,Nausheen & Subha,Mani & Mvukiyehe,Eric & Premand,Patrick, 2023. "Do Public Works Programs Have Sustained Impacts ? A Review of Experimental Studies from LMICs," Policy Research Working Paper Series 10471, The World Bank.
    8. Marina-Selini Katsaiti & Maroula Khraiche, 2023. "Does access to credit alter migration intentions?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 65(4), pages 1823-1854, October.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Migration; Cash Transfers; Financial Constraints; Risk-aversion; Comoros; Mayotte; Anjouan;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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