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Supermarkets and their impacts on the relationship between food acquisition patterns and socio-economic and demographic characteristics of households: empirical evidence from Vietnam


  • Thi Huong Trinh

    (International Center for Tropical Agriculture)

  • Dharani Dhar Burra

    (International Center for Tropical Agriculture)

  • Michel Simioni

    (UMR MOISA - Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - Montpellier SupAgro - Centre international d'études supérieures en sciences agronomiques - CIHEAM-IAMM - Centre International de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Méditerranéennes - Institut Agronomique Méditerranéen de Montpellier - CIHEAM - Centre International de Hautes Études Agronomiques Méditerranéennes - Montpellier SupAgro - Institut national d’études supérieures agronomiques de Montpellier)

  • Stef de Haan

    (International Center for Tropical Agriculture)

  • Tuyen Thi Thanh Huynh

    (International Center for Tropical Agriculture)

  • Tung Van Huynh

    (CTU - Can Tho University [Vietnam])

  • Andrew D. Jones

    (University of Michigan [Ann Arbor] - University of Michigan System)


Food environments in developing economies are rapidly evolving, alongside fast-paced changes in the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of populations. These changes are evident in Vietnam with the widespread emergence of supermarkets, and restructuring in traditional markets that are poised to have profound effects on household diets and patterns of food acquisition. This paper examines the relationship between province level supermarket density, quantity and quality indices of food groups acquired by households within those provinces, between 2010 and 2014. An original approach on the basis of open access mixed data sets (administrative data on the number of supermarkets at provincial level as a proxy for supermarket density, and household living standard survey) is proposed and implemented. We find that the differential presence of supermarkets across provinces in Vietnam is associated with the diversity and macronutrient quality of food groups acquired by households. In addition, households with higher per capita expenditure, and those that purchase a larger proportion of food (relative to food obtained from own production), acquire a higher diversity of food groups. Additionally, diversity of food acquired is associated with higher fat and lower carbohydrate shares, and this is independent of the presence of supermarkets. We observe a significant interplay between low household financial capabilities (i.e., low per capita expenditure and low proportion of income spent on food), large household size, ethnic minority status, and the existence of limited number of supermarkets in the food environment. All of these factors are associated with a limited diversity of food groups acquired, as well as higher carbohydrate and lower fat shares. Our findings highlight potential intervention opportunities that can "rewire" local food environments to address the challenge of double burden of malnutrition in the country.

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  • Thi Huong Trinh & Dharani Dhar Burra & Michel Simioni & Stef de Haan & Tuyen Thi Thanh Huynh & Tung Van Huynh & Andrew D. Jones, 2019. "Supermarkets and their impacts on the relationship between food acquisition patterns and socio-economic and demographic characteristics of households: empirical evidence from Vietnam," Post-Print hal-02790424, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02790424
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    supermarket; diet diversity score; macronutrient shares; compositional data analysis; vietnam household living standard survey; poisson regression;
    All these keywords.

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