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Compétitivité des territoires et stratégies de localisation des entreprises : les heurts de la mondialisation

Listed author(s):
  • Jean-Luc Gaffard

    ()

    (OFCE - OFCE - Sciences Po)

La France comme d'autres pays développés connaît une dégradation de sa compétitivité qui se traduit par un déficit croissant de ses échanges extérieurs et des délocalisations. Comme d'autres pays développés, elle fait face à un double défi : celui lancé par les pays émergents qui bénéficient de larges avantages de coût et celui lancé par des pays développés au premier rang desquels l'Allemagne dont les entreprises pallient l'atonie de leur demande interne en conquérant des marchés extérieurs. La théorie du commerce international et la théorie de la localisation, mais aussi l'expérience, nous enseignent que la restauration de sa compétitivité suppose que davantage d'entreprises s'engagent plus intensément dans la R&D et dans l'internationalisation de leurs activités en exportant plus et en investissant et en externalisant davantage à l'extérieur. Le succès de cette stratégie reste toutefois étroitement subordonné à la capacité des pays développés à relancer de manière coordonnée leurs demandes internes respectives, gage de l'obtention de gains mutuels et équitables.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-01024497.

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Date of creation: 28 Nov 2011
Publication status: Published in Les notes du blog, 2011, pp.1-10
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01024497
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01024497
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  1. Elhanan Helpman, 2006. "Trade, FDI, and the Organization of Firms," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 44(3), pages 589-630, September.
  2. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman, 2003. "Outsourcing Versus FDI in Industry Equilibrium," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 1(2-3), pages 317-327, 04/05.
  3. Marc J. Melitz & Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano, 2008. "Market Size, Trade, and Productivity," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 75(1), pages 295-316.
  4. Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P. & van Ypersele, Tanguy, 2005. "Market size and tax competition," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 25-46, September.
  5. Helpman, Elhanan, 2011. "Understanding Global Trade," Economics Books, Harvard University Press, number 9780674060784, Spring.
  6. Marc J. Melitz, 2003. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1695-1725, November.
  7. Jean-Luc Gaffard & Francesco Saraceno, 2012. "International trade and domestic distortions," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 22(2), pages 275-301, April.
  8. Jean-Luc Gaffard & Francesco Saraceno, 2008. "Tariffs, trade and unemployment in a disequilibrium model: issues and policies," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 18(2), pages 219-232, April.
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