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Do Female Researchers Face a Glass Ceiling in France? A Hazard Model of Promotions

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  • Mareva Sabatier

    (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc)

Abstract

The present article examines whether French female researchers face a glass ceiling, an invisible barrier to promotion. Using an original database from the National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA), we estimate duration models for promotions. The methodology used allows us to take into account censored observations and unobserved heterogeneity. Our results show a significant gender effect that does not contradict the glassceiling hypothesis. In addition, factors that boost promotion seem to be radically different according to gender and we present evidence that promotion strategies are different for males and females.

Suggested Citation

  • Mareva Sabatier, 2010. "Do Female Researchers Face a Glass Ceiling in France? A Hazard Model of Promotions," Post-Print hal-00825992, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00825992
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00825992
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Donna K. Ginther, 2001. "Does science discriminate against women? Evidence from academia, 1973–97," FRB Atlanta Working Paper 2001-2, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
    2. Euwals, Rob & Ward-Warmedinger, Melanie E., 2000. "The Remuneration of British Academics," IZA Discussion Papers 178, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Rob Euwals & Melanie Ward, "undated". "The Remuneration of British Academics," Discussion Papers in Public Sector Economics 00/7, Division of Economics, School of Business, University of Leicester.
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    Cited by:

    1. Clément Bosquet & Pierre‐Philippe Combes & Cecilia García‐Peñalosa, 2019. "Gender and Promotions: Evidence from Academic Economists in France," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 121(3), pages 1020-1053, July.
    2. Bosquet, Clément & Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia, 2013. "Gender and competition: evidence from academic promotions in France," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 58350, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Janet M Box-Steffensmeier & Raphael C Cunha & Roumen A Varbanov & Yee Shwen Hoh & Margaret L Knisley & Mary Alice Holmes, 2015. "Survival Analysis of Faculty Retention and Promotion in the Social Sciences by Gender," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 10(11), pages 1-22, November.
    4. Constantin Schoen & Katja Rost & David Seidl, 2018. "The influence of gender ratios on academic careers: Combining social networks with tokenism," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 13(11), pages 1-21, November.
    5. Clément Bosquet & Pierre-Philippe Combes & Cecila Garcia-Penalosa, 2013. "Gender and Competition: Evidence from Academic Promotions in France," SERC Discussion Papers 0147, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    6. Olivia Hebner & Courtney Collins & Franklin Mixon, 2018. "Do Gender and Race Play a Role in the Compensation of University Presidents? Evidence from Institution-level Panel Data," Australian Journal of Labour Economics (AJLE), Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School, vol. 21(1), pages 1-20.
    7. Francine D. Blau & Jed DeVaro, 2006. "New Evidence on Gender Differences in Promotion Rates: An Empirical Analysis of a Sample of New Hires," Working Papers 891, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    8. Bosquet, Clément & Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia, 2013. "Gender and competition: evidence from academic promotions in France," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 58350, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    9. Khalid Maman Waziri, 2017. "Generalized Glass Ceilings in the United States – A Stochastic Metafrontier Approach," Working Papers halshs-01569834, HAL.
    10. João R. Faria & Paulo R. A. Loureiro & Franklin G. Mixon & Adolfo Sachsida, 2016. "Minority Faculty Hiring Power in Academe: an Economic Model," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer;National Economic Association, vol. 43(3), pages 273-288, December.
    11. Luis Sanz-Menéndez & Laura Cruz-Castro & Kenedy Alva, 2013. "Time to Tenure in Spanish Universities: An Event History Analysis," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 8(10), pages 1-1, October.

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