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Technological national learning in France : from minitel to internet


  • Pierre-Jean Benghozi

    (CRG - Centre de recherche en gestion - X - École polytechnique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Christian Licoppe

    (CRG - Centre de recherche en gestion - X - École polytechnique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)


In France, the development of the Internet has been influenced by the evolution of the inherited information technology. France had many of the elements needed for the Internet to flourish: excellent engineering schools, participation of scientists and academic researchers in data networks, financial markets with venture capital companies, supportive government, and high incomes. Thus, France had many of the components that constitute the American, or even the Silicon Valley, model. And yet, the internet economy did not begin until some years after the United States, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Many have argued that the monopoly of France Telecom slowed the Internet's development in France. In this chapter, we shall show that it was instead France's early lead in electronic commerce that hindered this development.

Suggested Citation

  • Pierre-Jean Benghozi & Christian Licoppe, 2003. "Technological national learning in France : from minitel to internet," Post-Print hal-00262611, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00262611
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pierre-Jean Benghozi, 2001. "Relations interentreprises et nouveaux modèles d'affaires," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 52(7), pages 165-190.
    2. Pierre-Jean Benghozi, 1990. "Managing Innovation : from ad hoc to Routine in French Telecom," Post-Print hal-00262530, HAL.
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