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Une analyse théorique des fondements et du fonctionnement de la relation d'autorité intrafirme

  • Bernard Baudry

    (CALW - Centre Auguste et Léon Walras - CNRS : FRE2746 - Université Lumière - Lyon II)

  • Bruno Tinel

    ()

    (MATISSE - Modélisation Appliquée, Trajectoires Institutionnelles et Stratégies Socio-Économiques - CNRS : UMR8595 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

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    Depuis une vingtaine d'années, le thème de l'autorité dans la relation d'emploi a fait l'objet d'un regain d'intérêt parmi les économistes, en raison notamment dela prise en compte de l'incomplétude des contrats. Dans cet article, notre objectif est double. Il s'agit tout d'abord de porter un jugement sur la fameuse controverse Coase/Alchian-Demsetz, en étudiant les fondements de l'autorité intrafirme. Il s'agit également de montrer que la relation d'autorité intrafirme ne peut se résumer à une variable unique, mais au contraire repose sur une pluralité de mécanismes. Dès lors, compte tenu de cette pluralité, la relation d'autorité entre un employeur et un employé doit s'appréhender en termes de degré, et non en termes d'autorité infinie – ou nulle – de l'employeur sur l'employé.

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    File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/27/09/02/PDF/Baudry_Tinel_fondements_de_l_autorite.pdf
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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00270902.

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    Date of creation: 2003
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    Publication status: Published, Revue Economique, 2003, 54, 2, 229-252
    Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00270902
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00270902
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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    1. Grossman, Sanford J & Hart, Oliver D, 1986. "The Costs and Benefits of Ownership: A Theory of Vertical and Lateral Integration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(4), pages 691-719, August.
    2. Aghion, Philippe & Tirole, Jean, 1997. "Formal and Real Authority in Organizations," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(1), pages 1-29, February.
    3. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-44, June.
    4. Malcomson, J.M., 1997. "Contracts, hold-up and labor markets," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 9703, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    5. Masten, Scott E, 1988. "A Legal Basis for the Firm," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 181-98, Spring.
    6. Claude Ménard, 1994. "Organizations As Coordinating Devices," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(3), pages 224-247, October.
    7. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
    8. Bengt Holmstrom & John Roberts, 1998. "The Boundaries of the Firm Revisited," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(4), pages 73-94, Fall.
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