Population and Inequality in East Asia
This paper describes the inequality experience of East Asia beginning around 1960 and explores whether that experience is consistent with alternative theories about the determinants of income inequality. Particular emphasis is placed on the implications of rapid economic growth and rapid demographic change that characterized the region. Simple models do not capture the enormous complexity that is characteristic of the region. The differences and the trends in inequality reflect a variety of historical, cultural, political, and geographic forces that have influenced agricultural systems, economic structure, technological innovation, social heterogeneity and cohesion, and the distributions of land, human capital, and other forms of wealth. All of these factors have influenced the extent of inequality in the region. Among the important factors examined are the decline in child dependency, the rise in female labor force participation, demographically-induced changes in factor proportions and factor prices, and changes in health and life-expectancy. Although broad generalizations are difficult, modern societies with low fertility and mortality appear to be characterized by greater equality than traditional ones.
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- Hongyi Li & Lyn Squire & Tao Zhang & Heng-fu Zou, 1999.
"A Data Set on Income Distribution,"
CEMA Working Papers
575, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
- Lehrer, Evelyn & Nerlove, Marc, 1981. "The Impact of Female Work on Family Income Distribution in the United States: Black-White Differentials," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 27(4), pages 423-31, December.
- Klaus Deininger & Lyn Squire, 1996.
"A New Data Set Measuring Income Inequality,"
CEMA Working Papers
512, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
- Angus Deaton & Christina Paxson, 1997. "The effects of economic and population growth on national saving and inequality," Demography, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 97-114, February.
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