IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/gtr/gatrjs/jber116.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Placement Model for Indonesian Migrant Workers to Improve their Economic Welfare

Author

Listed:
  • Izza Mafruhah

    (Faculty of Economic and Business, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia Author-2-Name: Nurul Istiqomah Author-2-Workplace-Name: Faculty of Economic and Business, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia Author-3-Name: Nunung Sri Mulyani Author-3-Workplace-Name: Institute for Research and Community Service, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia, Author-4-Name: Mugi Rahardjo Author-4-Workplace-Name: Faculty of Economic and Business, Sebelas Maret University, Indonesia)

Abstract

"Objective – Indonesian Migrant Workers (TKI) have an important role in employment. In 2015, the number of migrants who worked abroad reached more than seven million people. Despite the huge number, Indonesian Migrant workers are prone to problems encompassing: pre-placement, placement, and post-placement phases. This study aims to analyze the priority factors affecting migrant workers at the three phases as a means to determine their work success. This study also aims to develop a placement model for Indonesian migrant workers especially in the formal sector so as to better improve their welfare. Methodology/Technique – To build a model of migrant workers for the formal sector, this study uses two approaches: 1) Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and 2) Qualitative Analysis which is based on in-depth interviews and focused group discussions. Findings – The results showed that the priority factors that determine migrant workers’ success include the three phases: the placement phase with a value of 0.523198; the pre-placement phase with a value of 0.289185; and the post-placement phase with a value of 0.187617. In addition, it is found that the formal sector placement policy should be conducted in collaboration with the countries of destination, especially in the recruitment patterns, the substance of contract, and legal protection. It is suggested that countries that have cooperated in the placement of migrant workers with the G-to-G (Government to Government) model is Japan and South Korea while the placement to other countries of destination is done with the B-to-B (Business to Business) model. Novelty – The main model recommended in this study is the G to G model which should be implemented in order to safeguard migrant workers as well as to ensure that this model is formulated in policies and government regulations."

Suggested Citation

  • Izza Mafruhah, 2016. "The Placement Model for Indonesian Migrant Workers to Improve their Economic Welfare," GATR Journals jber116, Global Academy of Training and Research (GATR) Enterprise.
  • Handle: RePEc:gtr:gatrjs:jber116
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://gatrenterprise.com/GATRJournals/pdf_files/JBER%20Vol%201(1)%20Dec.%202016/6.%20Izza%20Mafruhah-JBER%201(1)%20Dec.%202016-CIBSSR-00287.pdf
    Download Restriction: http://gatrenterprise.com/GATRJournals/online_submission.html
    ---><---

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dustmann, Christian & Fadlon, Itzhak & Weiss, Yoram, 2011. "Return migration, human capital accumulation and the brain drain," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 58-67, May.
    2. Dequiedt, Vianney & Zenou, Yves, 2013. "International migration, imperfect information, and brain drain," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 117-132.
    3. Dustmann, Christian & Kirchkamp, Oliver, 2002. "The optimal migration duration and activity choice after re-migration," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 351-372, April.
    4. Giulia Bettin & Andrea F. Presbitero & Nikola L. Spatafora, 2017. "Remittances and Vulnerability in Developing Countries," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 31(1), pages 1-23.
    5. Douglas S. Massey, 1999. "International Migration at the Dawn of the Twenty‐First Century: The Role of the State," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 25(2), pages 303-322, June.
    6. A. D. Roy, 1951. "Some Thoughts On The Distribution Of Earnings," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(2), pages 135-146.
    7. Bouguen, Adrien & Filmer, Deon & Macours, Karen & Naudeau, Sophie, 2014. "Preschools and early childhood development in a second best world: Evidence from a scaled-up experiment in Cambodia," CEPR Discussion Papers 10170, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Izza Mafruhah, 2017. "The Analysis of Community Empowerment Process through Poor Community Group (The Comparative Study of Pilot and Replication Areas)," GATR Journals jmmr165, Global Academy of Training and Research (GATR) Enterprise.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Christian Dustmann & Joseph-Simon Görlach, 2016. "The Economics of Temporary Migrations," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 54(1), pages 98-136, March.
    2. Bertoli, Simone & Dequiedt, Vianney & Zenou, Yves, 2016. "Can selective immigration policies reduce migrants' quality?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 100-109.
    3. Alireza Naghavi & Chiara Strozzi, 2011. "Intellectual Property Rights, Migration, and Diaspora," Working Papers 2011.60, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    4. Matthias Parey & Jens Ruhose & Fabian Waldinger & Nicolai Netz, 2017. "The Selection of High-Skilled Emigrants," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 99(5), pages 776-792, December.
    5. Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2012. "Globalization, Brain Drain, and Development," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 50(3), pages 681-730, September.
    6. Constant, Amelie F., 2020. "Time-Space Dynamics of Return and Circular Migration: Theories and Evidence," GLO Discussion Paper Series 446, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    7. Hagen-Zanker, Jessica, 2010. "Modest expectations: Causes and effects of migration on migrant households in source countries," MPRA Paper 29507, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Sylvie Démurger & Hui Xu, 2011. "Left-Behind Children and Return Decisions of Rural Migrants in China," Post-Print halshs-00625636, HAL.
    9. Constant, Amelie F., 2019. "Return, Circular, and Onward Migration Decisions in a Knowledge Society," GLO Discussion Paper Series 411, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    10. Greenwood, Michael J. & Ward, Zachary, 2015. "Immigration quotas, World War I, and emigrant flows from the United States in the early 20th century," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 76-96.
    11. Giovanni Peri & William Ambrosini & Karin Mayr & Dragos Radu, 2012. "The Selection of Migrants and Returnees in Romania: Evidence and long-run implications," Working Papers 136, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
    12. Catia Batista & Tara McIndoe-Calder & Pedro C. Vicente, 2017. "Return Migration, Self-selection and Entrepreneurship," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 79(5), pages 797-821, October.
    13. Anna Iara, 2006. "Skill Diffusion by Temporary Migration? Returns to Western European Working Experience in the EU Accession Countries," wiiw Balkan Observatory Working Papers 69, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    14. Sylvie Démurger & Hui Xu, 2015. "Left-behind children and return migration in China," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-21, December.
    15. repec:leo:wpaper:2314 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Rosa Weber, 2015. "Does intermarriage change migrants’ preferences for the home country?," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-21, December.
    17. Anna Iara, 2008. "Skill Diffusion by Temporary Migration? Returns to Western European Work Experience in Central and East European Countries," wiiw Working Papers 46, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    18. Dustmann, Christian & Glitz, Albrecht, 2011. "Migration and Education," Handbook of the Economics of Education, in: Erik Hanushek & Stephen Machin & Ludger Woessmann (ed.), Handbook of the Economics of Education, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 0, pages 327-439, Elsevier.
    19. Anu Abraham, 2020. "International Migration, Return Migration and Occupational Mobility: Evidence from Kerala, India," The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, Springer;The Indian Society of Labour Economics (ISLE), vol. 63(4), pages 1223-1243, December.
    20. Julia Bredtmann & Fernanda Martínez Flores & Sebastian Otten, 2019. "Remittances and the Brain Drain: Evidence from Microdata for Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(7), pages 1455-1476, July.
    21. Augustin Coulon & Matloob Piracha, 2005. "Self-selection and the performance of return migrants: the source country perspective," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 18(4), pages 779-807, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Indonesian Migrant Workers; AHP; G-to-G; B to B; PPTKIS.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gtr:gatrjs:jber116. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: http://gatrenterprise.com .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Prof. Dr. Abd Rahim Mohamad (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://gatrenterprise.com .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.