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Les Déterminants de la Productivité des Inventeurs : Une Analyse en Termes de Diversité et de Cohérence de la Base de Connaissances

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  • Riad Jawel Bouklia-Hassane

    () (Université de Lyon, Lyon, F-69007, France ; CNRS, GATE Lyon St Etienne,F-69130 Ecully, France)

Abstract

Bien que la créativité humaine soit au coeur du processus d’innovation, peu d’attention a été accordée à la dimension individuelle dans l’analyse de l’activité d’innovation. L’objet de ce travail est d’étudier les déterminants de la productivité des inventeurs individuels. Contrairement à d’autres études, notre hypothèse est que le stock de connaissances de l’inventeur n’est pas homogène. Aussi, nous élaborons un modèle qui ‘augmente’ les spécifications traditionnelles par l’introduction des facteurs de diversité d’une part et de cohérence d’autre part de la base de connaissances des inventeurs. Les résultats des estimations économétriques réalisées sur les données de brevets des inventeurs français et britanniques valident l’hypothèse d’une influence positive de ces deux facteurs sur la productivité des inventeurs individuels. Ils mettent également en évidence la présence d’un effet indirect de la cohérence sur la productivité de l’inventeur : plus la cohérence de la base de connaissances de l’inventeur est grande et plus l’impact de la diversification technologique sur sa productivité est élevé.

Suggested Citation

  • Riad Jawel Bouklia-Hassane, 2014. "Les Déterminants de la Productivité des Inventeurs : Une Analyse en Termes de Diversité et de Cohérence de la Base de Connaissances," Working Papers 1421, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique Lyon St-Étienne (GATE Lyon St-Étienne), Université de Lyon.
  • Handle: RePEc:gat:wpaper:1421
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    prolific inventors; patents; technological diversification; knowledge coherence; innovation capacity; national innovation system;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness

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