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Las aglomeraciones productivas alrededor de la minería: el caso de la minera Yanacocha S.A

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Abstract

El presente es un estudio de caso de la aglomeración productiva generada a raíz de la puesta en marcha del proyecto minero Yanacocha ubicado en Cajamarca. El concepto de aglomeración o cluster industrial se basa sobre el supuesto de que las distintas actividades económicas no se desarrollan aisladamente, sino que, por el contrario, el crecimiento de una de ellas impulsa el de actividades conexas. El análisis del cluster articulado alrededor de la empresa Minera Yanacocha S.A, revela que, debido a una serie de cuellos de botella en los ámbitos tecnológico e institucional de Cajamarca, la transmisión de crecimiento económico generado por esta empresa hacia otros agentes locales es aún limitado. Minera Yanacocha S.A. mantiene escasas relaciones productivas y comerciales con los agentes cajamarquinos, mientras que establece una mayor articulación con agentes productivos e institucionales limeños y con instituciones públicas y gremiales, de la capital. Aún cuando las relaciones productivas se dan principalmente con empresas limeñas, la debilidad tecnológica de las mismas las limita a un rol comercializador. Sin embargo, las empresas cajamarquinas tienen una ventaja competitiva en la provisión de servicios no intensivos en conocimiento. Estos resultados resaltan la necesidad de políticas públicas que, por un lado, mejoren la infraestructura productiva y tecnológica cajamarquina, así como que coadyuven a elevar la capacidad de absorción tecnológica de las empresas de la zona; y por otro lado, que induzcan el establecimiento de productores nacionales de bienes, insumos y equipos mineros.

Suggested Citation

  • Juana R. Kuramoto, 2000. "Las aglomeraciones productivas alrededor de la minería: el caso de la minera Yanacocha S.A," Documentos de Investigación dt27, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
  • Handle: RePEc:gad:doctra:dt27
    Note: Documento de Trabajo, 27
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    Cited by:

    1. Hilbert, Martin R. & Katz, Jorge, 2002. "Toward a conceptual framework and public policy agenda for the information society in Latin America and the Caribbean," Desarrollo Productivo 133, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    2. Fernando M. Arag?n & Juan Pablo Rud, 2013. "Natural Resources and Local Communities: Evidence from a Peruvian Gold Mine," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 5(2), pages 1-25, May.
    3. Cimoli, Mario & Katz, Jorge, 2002. "Structural reforms, technological gaps and economic development: a Latin American perspective," Desarrollo Productivo 129, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    4. Ticci, Elisa & Escobal, Javier, 2015. "Extractive industries and local development in the Peruvian Highlands," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(01), pages 101-126, February.
    5. Rosemary Thorp and Graciela Zevallos, "undated". "The Economic Policies Of The Fujimori Years: A Return To The Past?," QEH Working Papers qehwps83, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
    6. Mario D. Tello & José Távara, 2010. "Productive Development Policies in Latin American Countries: The Case of Peru, 1990-2007," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1499, Inter-American Development Bank.
    7. Spoor, Max, 2000. "Two decades of adjustment and agricultural development in Latin America and the Caribbean," Desarrollo Productivo 81, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    8. Jaskoski, Maiah, 2014. "Environmental Licensing and Conflict in Peru's Mining Sector: A Path-Dependent Analysis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 873-883.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Mineria; Estructura industrial; Economia regional; Politica industrial; Mining; Industrial structure; Regional economy; Industrial policy; Peru;

    JEL classification:

    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L71 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels

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