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The structural changes of the food industry in the European Union

Author

Listed:
  • Luljeta Hajderllari

    () (Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)

  • Kostas Karantininis

    () (Institute of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen)

Abstract

This paper studies the structural changes of food industry in the EU-27. We first provide a detailed description of the relative importance of the various sectors in the food industry. The structure is studied by calculating Gini coefficients for the EU members with regard to food industry. We find that the food industry is one of the most important components of the manufacturing sectors in terms of turnover and employment. Enterprises in the EU are relatively large in terms of turnover but small in the number of enterprises with the dairy and meat sectors being the most important branches of the food industry regarding the share of turnover, employment and enterprises. During the eight years 2000-2007, the Gini coefficient of the food industry in the EU is very close to 1, indicating a high degree of concentration.

Suggested Citation

  • Luljeta Hajderllari & Kostas Karantininis, 2012. "The structural changes of the food industry in the European Union," IFRO Working Paper 2012/8, University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:foi:wpaper:2012_8
    as

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    File URL: http://okonomi.foi.dk/workingpapers/WPpdf/WP2012/WP_2012_8_food_industry.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kakwani, Nanak C, 1977. "Applications of Lorenz Curves in Economic Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 45(3), pages 719-727, April.
    2. Viaene, Jacques & Gellynck, Xavier, 1995. "Structure, Conduct and Performance of the European Food Sector," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 22(3), pages 282-295.
    3. Steve McCorriston, 2002. "Why should imperfect competition matter to agricultural economists?," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 29(3), pages 349-371, July.
    4. Kakwani, Nanak C & Podder, N, 1976. "Efficient Estimation of the Lorenz Curve and Associated Inequality Measures from Grouped Observations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(1), pages 137-148, January.
    5. S. McCorriston & C. W. Morgan & A. J. Rayner, 1998. "Processing Technology, Market Power and Price Transmission," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(2), pages 185-201.
    6. Atkinson, Anthony B., 1970. "On the measurement of inequality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 244-263, September.
    7. Ian Sheldon & Richard Sperling, 2003. "Estimating the Extent of Imperfect Competition in the Food Industry: What Have We Learned?," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(1), pages 89-109.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Food industry; meat; dairy; concentration; EU-25;

    JEL classification:

    • L66 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing

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