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Optimal taxation with imperfect competition and aggregate returns to specialization

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  • Javier Coto-Martínez
  • Carlos Garriga
  • Fernando Sánchez-Losada

Abstract

In this paper we explore the proposition that in economies with imperfect competitive markets the optimal capital income tax is negative and the optimal tax on firms profits is confiscatory. We show that if the total factor productivity as well as the measure of firms or varieties are endogenous instead of fixed, then the optimal fiscal policy can lead to different results. The government faces a trade-off between the fixed costs that society pays for the introduction of a new firm and the productivity gains associated to the introduction of a new variety. We find that the optimal fiscal policy depends on the relationship between the index of market power, the returns to specialization, and the government’s ability to control entry.

Suggested Citation

  • Javier Coto-Martínez & Carlos Garriga & Fernando Sánchez-Losada, 2007. "Optimal taxation with imperfect competition and aggregate returns to specialization," Working Papers 2007-036, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlwp:2007-036
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Chari, V.V. & Kehoe, Patrick J., 1999. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy," Handbook of Macroeconomics,in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 26, pages 1671-1745 Elsevier.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dudley Cooke & Tatiana Damjanovic, 2016. "Optimal Fiscal Policy in a Model of Firm Entry and Financial Frictions," CEGAP Working Papers 2016_02, Durham University Business School.
    2. Daniel Cardona & Fernando Sanchez Losada, 2007. "Cost-Based Models of Economic Growth," Working Papers in Economics 179, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
    3. Rodrigo A. Cerda & Diego Saravia, 2009. "Optimal Taxation With Heterogeneous Firms," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 518, Central Bank of Chile.
    4. Gómez Manuel A. & Sequeira Tiago Neves, 2012. "The Transitional Dynamics of an Endogenous Growth Model: Generalizing Production Functions," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 16(5), pages 1-27, December.
    5. Xavier Raurich & Fernando Sanchez-Losada & Montserrat Vilalta-Bufi, 2011. "Labor Mobility and Productivity Growth," Working Papers in Economics 254, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
    6. Cerda, Rodrigo A. & Saravia, Diego, 2013. "Optimal taxation with heterogeneous firms and informal sector," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 39-61.
    7. Vivien Lewis & Roland Winkler, 2015. "Product Diversity, Demand Structures, And Optimal Taxation," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 53(2), pages 979-1003, April.
    8. Rodrigo Cerda & Diego Saravia, 2007. "Optimal Capital Income Taxation with Heterogeneous Firms," Documentos de Trabajo 316, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
    9. Avdiu, Besart, 2018. "Optimal capital and labor income taxation in small and developing countries," MPRA Paper 84884, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Bucci, Alberto, 2013. "Returns to specialization, competition, population, and growth," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 2023-2040.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Taxation ; Fiscal policy;

    JEL classification:

    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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