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The tradeoff between mortgage prepayments and tax-deferred retirement savings

  • Eugene Amromin
  • Jennifer Huang
  • Clemens Sialm

We show that a significant number of households can perform a tax arbitrage by cutting back on their additional mortgage payments and increasing their contributions to tax- deferred accounts (TDA). Using data from the Survey of Consumer Finances, we show that about 38% of U.S. households that are accelerating their mortgage payments instead of saving in tax-deferred accounts are making the wrong choice. For these households, reallocating their savings can yield a mean benefit of 11 to 17 cents per dollar, depending on the choice of investment assets in the TDA. ; In the aggregate, these misallocated savings are costing U.S. households as much as 1.5 billion dollars per year. Finally, we show empirically that this inefficient behavior is unlikely to be driven by liquidity considerations or other constraints, and that self-reported debt aversion and risk aversion variables explain to some extent the preference for paying off debt obligations early and hence the propensity to forgo our proposed tax arbitrage.

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Paper provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago in its series Working Paper Series with number WP-06-05.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedhwp:wp-06-05
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