No student left behind? Evidence from the Programme for School Guidance in Spain
This paper evaluates the effects of a remedial education programme implemented in Spain between 2005 and 2012 that o¬§ered after-school classes for underperforming students from poor socioeconomic backgrounds. We use two different estimation strategies, re-weighting estimators and propensity score matching, and address the existence of selection bias. We find that this programme had a substantial positive e¬§ect on children's academic achievement: the probability of falling behind the general progress of the group declined by approximately 5% and mean reading scores increased by approximately 10% of one standard deviation. We also find that a larger exposure to the programme improves students' scores: whereas students in schools that participated in the programme for at most two years do not experience any significant positive effect, those in schools that participated for at least three years did. The programme significantly reduced the probability of belonging to the bottom part of the distribution (by approximately 7.5%) and improved mean scores (by approximately 18% of one standard deviation). Finally, we find that the impact of the programme is much stronger for students in rural schools than for students in urban schools.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Lavy, Victor & Schlosser, Analia, 2004.
"Targeted Remedial Education for Underperforming Teenagers: Costs and Benefits,"
CEPR Discussion Papers
4381, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Victor Lavy & Analia Schlosser, 2005. "Targeted Remedial Education for Underperforming Teenagers: Costs and Benefits," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 23(4), pages 839-874, October.
- Victor Lavy & Analia Schlosser, 2004. "Targeted Remedial Education for Under-Performing Teenagers: Costs and Benefits," NBER Working Papers 10575, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Battaglia, Marianna & Lebedinski, Lara, 2015.
"Equal Access to Education: An Evaluation of the Roma Teaching Assistant Program in Serbia,"
Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 62-81.
- Marianna BATTAGLIA & Lara LEBEDINSKI, 2014. "Equal Access to Education: An Evaluation of the Roma Teaching Assistant Programme in Serbia," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2014021, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
- Anthony Atkinson & Thomas Piketty & Emmanuel Saez, 2011.
"Top Incomes in the Long Run of History,"
- De Paola, Maria & Scoppa, Vincenzo, 2015.
"Procrastination, academic success and the effectiveness of a remedial program,"
Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization,
Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 217-236.
- Maria De Paola & Vincenzo Scoppa, 2014. "Procrastination, Academic Success And The Effectiveness Of A Remedial Program," Working Papers 201401, Università della Calabria, Dipartimento di Economia, Statistica e Finanza (Ex Dipartimento di Economia e Statistica).
- De Paola, Maria & Scoppa, Vincenzo, 2014. "Procrastination, Academic Success and the Effectiveness of a Remedial Program," IZA Discussion Papers 8021, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Keisuke Hirano & Guido W. Imbens & Geert Ridder, 2000.
"Efficient Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Using the Estimated Propensity Score,"
NBER Technical Working Papers
0251, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Keisuke Hirano & Guido W. Imbens & Geert Ridder, 2003. "Efficient Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Using the Estimated Propensity Score," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(4), pages 1161-1189, 07.
- Guido Imbens, 2000. "Efficient Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Using the Estimated Propensity Score," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1166, Econometric Society.
- Anthony Barnes Atkinson, 2010. "Macerata Lectures on European Economic Policy. Poverty and the EU: the New Decade," Working Papers 24-2010, Macerata University, Department of Studies on Economic Development (DiSSE), revised May 2010.
- Juan Carlos Calcagno & Bridget Terry Long, 2008. "The Impact of Postsecondary Remediation Using a Regression Discontinuity Approach: Addressing Endogenous Sorting and Noncompliance," NBER Working Papers 14194, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- James Heckman & Hidehiko Ichimura & Jeffrey Smith & Petra Todd, 1998.
"Characterizing Selection Bias Using Experimental Data,"
Econometric Society, vol. 66(5), pages 1017-1098, September.
- James Heckman & Hidehiko Ichimura & Jeffrey Smith & Petra Todd, 1998. "Characterizing Selection Bias Using Experimental Data," NBER Working Papers 6699, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Maria De Paola & Vincenzo Scoppa, 2011.
"The Effectiveness Of Remedial Courses In Italy: A Fuzzy Regression Discontinuity Design,"
201114, Università della Calabria, Dipartimento di Economia, Statistica e Finanza (Ex Dipartimento di Economia e Statistica).
- Maria Paola & Vincenzo Scoppa, 2014. "The effectiveness of remedial courses in Italy: a fuzzy regression discontinuity design," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 27(2), pages 365-386, April.
- Laura Hospido & Ernesto Villanueva & Gema Zamarro, 2015.
"Finance For All: The Impact Of Financial Literacy Training In Compulsory Secondary Education In Spain,"
1502, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
- Hospido, Laura & Villanueva, Ernesto & Zamarro, Gema, 2015. "Finance for All: The Impact of Financial Literacy Training in Compulsory Secondary Education in Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 8902, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Abhijit V. Banerjee & Shawn Cole & Esther Duflo & Leigh Linden, 2007. "Remedying Education: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments in India," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 122(3), pages 1235-1264.
- Brian A. Jacob & Lars Lefgren, 2002.
"Remedial Education and Student Achievement: A Regression-Discontinuity Analysis,"
NBER Working Papers
8918, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Brian A. Jacob & Lars Lefgren, 2004. "Remedial Education and Student Achievement: A Regression-Discontinuity Analysis," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(1), pages 226-244, February.
- J. Ignacio García-Pérez & Marisa Hidalgo-Hidalgo & J. Antonio Robles-Zurita, 2014. "Does grade retention affect students' achievement? Some evidence from Spain," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(12), pages 1373-1392, April.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fda:fdapop:2016-20. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Carmen Arias)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.