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Gender Based Wage Gap in Turkey

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  • Ömer Limanlı

    (Artvin Coruh University)

Abstract

We know that equal people deserve to be acted equally from the traditional justice theory. This rule is generally violated and it is especially seen in labour market. Equally skilled labour is not faced the same wage or do not have same chance to work at the same position. In this study, we have investigated gender based wage discrimination in Turkey by using panel data set Income and Living Condition Survey for 2006-2009. This study offers very different perspective from the previous resembling research in many aspects. First, previous studies have extensively used cross-sectional or unbalanced/pseudo panel data. We have used fully balanced panel data in order to show differences from year to year. Second, we have used newly developed estimation technique which is called Recentered Influence Regression. Finally, we have presented additional estimation results from panel data and multilevel modelling. In accordance with the estimation results, some economic policy recommaledations are given.

Suggested Citation

  • Ömer Limanlı, 2015. "Gender Based Wage Gap in Turkey," EY International Congress on Economics II (EYC2015), November 5-6, 2015, Ankara, Turkey 22, Ekonomik Yaklasim Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:eyd:cp2015:22
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Myeong-Su Yun, 2005. "A Simple Solution to the Identification Problem in Detailed Wage Decompositions," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 43(4), pages 766-772, October.
    2. Jonah E. Rockoff & Mariesa A. Herrmann, 2010. "Does Menstruation Explain Gender Gaps in Work Absenteeism?," NBER Working Papers 16523, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Victor Chernozhukov & Iván Fernández‐Val & Blaise Melly, 2013. "Inference on Counterfactual Distributions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 81(6), pages 2205-2268, November.
    4. Jane Leber Herr, 2015. "The Labor Supply Effects of Delayed First Birth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 105(5), pages 630-637, May.
    5. Albrecht, James & van Vuuren, Aico & Vroman, Susan, 2009. "Counterfactual distributions with sample selection adjustments: Econometric theory and an application to the Netherlands," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 383-396, August.
    6. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M & Pierce, Brooks, 1993. "Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 410-442, June.
    7. A. Chevalier & T. K. Viitanen, 2002. "The causality between female labour force participation and the availability of childcare," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(14), pages 915-918.
    8. José Mata & José A. F. Machado, 2005. "Counterfactual decomposition of changes in wage distributions using quantile regression," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(4), pages 445-465.
    9. Heinze, Anja & Beninger, Denis & Beblo, Miriam & Laisney, François, 2003. "Measuring Selectivity-Corrected Gender Wage Gaps in the EU," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-74, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender; Turkey; Wage Gap;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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