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Social assistance in Central and Eastern Europe: features and characteristics


  • Avram, Silvia


This paper reviews the features of social assistance programs in Central and Eastern Europe in the mid 2000s along five dimensions, i.e. expenditure, entitlement rules, benefit levels, centralization of administration, and the provision of additional services. It finds that generally expenditure and benefit levels are low while there is some cross-national variation in the design of eligibility rules, administration and delivery and linkage to additional services. Countries having larger benefits also have more permissive entitlement rules, make available additional services such as health-care or housing, and spend larger fractions of their GDP on this type of programs.

Suggested Citation

  • Avram, Silvia, 2013. "Social assistance in Central and Eastern Europe: features and characteristics," ISER Working Paper Series 2013-19, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:ese:iserwp:2013-19

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Scott Edwards & Tito Boeri, 1998. "Long-term unemployment and short-term unemployment benefits: The changing nature of non-employment subsidies in Central and Eastern Europe," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 23(1/2), pages 31-54.
    2. Orsolya Lelkes, 2006. "Social Exclusion in Central-Eastern Europe Concept, measurement and policy interventions," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 53(3), pages 257-281, September.
    3. GĂ©rard Roland, 2002. "The Political Economy of Transition," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(1), pages 29-50, Winter.
    4. Tito Boeri & Katherine Terrell, 2002. "Institutional Determinants of Labor Reallocation in Transition," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(1), pages 51-76, Winter.
    5. Michael Carter & Christopher Barrett, 2006. "The economics of poverty traps and persistent poverty: An asset-based approach," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(2), pages 178-199.
    6. Ham, John C & Svejnar, Jan & Terrell, Katherine, 1998. "Unemployment and the Social Safety Net during Transitions to a Market Economy: Evidence from the Czech and Slovak Republics," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(5), pages 1117-1142, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Koutsampelas, Christos, 2014. "The introduction of a GMI scheme in Cyprus: family structure, equivalence scales and policy challenges," EUROMOD Working Papers EM10/14, EUROMOD at the Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    2. Topalli, Margerita & Ivanaj, Silvester, 2016. "Mapping the evolution of the impact of economic transition on Central and Eastern European enterprises: A co-word analysis," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 51(5), pages 744-759.

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