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Short and Long-Term Impacts of Emigration on Origin Households: The Case of Egypt

Author

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  • Anda David

    () (Université Paris-Dauphine)

  • Joachim Jarreau

Abstract

This paper studies the impacts of emigration on income inequality and wealth in Egypt. Using three waves of a longitudinal survey covering the 1998-2012 period, we first study the impact of remittances on incomes in origin households, using a selection-correction model to estimate counterfactual home earnings of emigrants. In this exercise, we find a limited, inequalityincreasing impact of remittances. We then turn to estimating the impact of migration episodes on households’ permanent income in the longer term, using the panel structure of the data. Results show that migrant departures significantly increase standards of living in origin households, suggesting that returns to migration through human capital accumulation, savings and investment outweigh those from remittances only. Benefits from migration appear to be larger and more tilted toward poor households in rural areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Anda David & Joachim Jarreau, 2015. "Short and Long-Term Impacts of Emigration on Origin Households: The Case of Egypt," Working Papers 977, Economic Research Forum, revised Dec 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:977
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    9. Richard Adams, 2011. "Evaluating the Economic Impact of International Remittances On Developing Countries Using Household Surveys: A Literature Review," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(6), pages 809-828.
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    11. Barham, Bradford & Boucher, Stephen, 1998. "Migration, remittances, and inequality: estimating the net effects of migration on income distribution," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 307-331, April.
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    13. Anda David & Joachim Jarreau, 2016. "Determinants of Emigration: Evidence from Egypt," Working Papers 987, Economic Research Forum, revised Apr 2016.
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    Cited by:

    1. Vladimir Hlasny & Shireen AlAzzawi, 2020. "Return Migration and Earnings Mobility in Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia," Working Papers 562, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

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