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Transferts de fonds des migrants, pauvreté et inégalités au Mali. Analyse à partir de trois scénarios contrefactuels

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  • Flore Gubert
  • Thomas Lassourd
  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps

Abstract

Using a 2006 household survey in Mali, we compare current poverty rates and inequality levels with counterfactual ones in the absence of migration and remittances. With proper hypotheses on migrants and a selection model, we are able to impute a counterfactual income for households currently receiving remittances. We show that remittances reduce poverty rates by 5% to 11% and the Gini coefficient by about 5%. Households in the bottom quintiles are more dependent on remittances, which are less substitutable by additional workforce. Classification JEL : F24, O15, O55

Suggested Citation

  • Flore Gubert & Thomas Lassourd & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2010. "Transferts de fonds des migrants, pauvreté et inégalités au Mali. Analyse à partir de trois scénarios contrefactuels," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 61(6), pages 1023-1050.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_616_1023
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    Cited by:

    1. Margolis, David N. & Miotti, Luis & Mouhoud, El Mouhoub & Oudinet, Joël, 2013. ""To Have and Have Not": Migration, Remittances, Poverty and Inequality in Algeria," IZA Discussion Papers 7747, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Bouoiyour, Jamal & Miftah, Amal, 2014. "Les transferts de fonds réduisent-ils la pauvreté et les inégalités de revenus? Une vérification empirique à travers une enquête dans le milieu rural marocain
      [Remittances, Poverty and Income Inequ
      ," MPRA Paper 57052, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. repec:hal:cesptp:hal-00907035 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jamal Bouoiyour & Amal Miftah, 2014. "Household Welfare, International Migration And Children Time Allocation In Rural Morocco," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 39(2), pages 75-95, June.
    5. Denis Requier-Desjardins, 2011. ""Migrations, remittances and local development in Southern countries: Dutch disease or residential economy?"Â," ERSA conference papers ersa11p156, European Regional Science Association.
    6. Anda David & Joachim Jarreau, 2015. "Short and Long-Term Impacts of Emigration on Origin Households: The Case of Egypt," Working Papers 977, Economic Research Forum, revised Dec 2015.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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