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Transferts de fonds des migrants, pauvreté et inégalités au Mali. Analyse à partir de trois scénarios contrefactuels

  • Flore Gubert
  • Thomas Lassourd
  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps

Using a 2006 household survey in Mali, we compare current poverty rates and inequality levels with counterfactual ones in the absence of migration and remittances. With proper hypotheses on migrants and a selection model, we are able to impute a counterfactual income for households currently receiving remittances. We show that remittances reduce poverty rates by 5% to 11% and the Gini coefficient by about 5%. Households in the bottom quintiles are more dependent on remittances, which are less substitutable by additional workforce. Classification JEL : F24, O15, O55

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 61 (2010)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 1023-1050

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_616_1023
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