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Measuring Agricultural Productivity Growth in MENA Countries

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  • Mounir Belloumi

    () (Faculty of Law, Economics and Politics of Sousse, University of Sousse)

  • Mohamed Salah Matoussi

    ()

Abstract

This paper investigates the patterns of agricultural productivity growth in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries during the period 1970–2000. We use a nonparametric, output-based Malmquist index to examine whether our estimates confirm or invalidate the results of previous studies indicating the decline of agricultural productivity in developing countries. We will show that, on average, agricultural productivity growth has increased at an annual rate of 1 percent during the whole period. Our estimations show that technical change is the main source for this growth. Those results generally weaken the finding of the other studies. Nonetheless, we find a reduction in agriculture productivity mainly in developing countries suffering from political conflicts and wars.

Suggested Citation

  • Mounir Belloumi & Mohamed Salah Matoussi, 2008. "Measuring Agricultural Productivity Growth in MENA Countries," Working Papers 416, Economic Research Forum, revised 06 Jan 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:416
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fulginiti, Lilyan E & Perrin, Richard K, 1993. "Prices and Productivity in Agriculture," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, pages 471-482.
    2. Tim J. Coelli & D. S. Prasada Rao, 2005. "Total factor productivity growth in agriculture: a Malmquist index analysis of 93 countries, 1980-2000," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 32(s1), pages 115-134, January.
    3. Kawagoe, Toshihiko & Hayami, Yujiro & Ruttan, Vernon W., 1985. "The intercountry agricultural production function and productivity differences among countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1-2), pages 113-132.
    4. Lilyan E. Fulginiti & Richard K. Perrin, 1999. "Have Price Policies Damaged Ldc Agricultural Productivity?," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 17(4), pages 469-475, October.
    5. Fulginiti, Lilyan E. & Perrin, Richard K., 1998. "Agricultural productivity in developing countries," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 19(1-2), pages 45-51, September.
    6. World Bank, 2004. "World Development Indicators 2004," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13890.
    7. Caves, Douglas W & Christensen, Laurits R & Diewert, W Erwin, 1982. "The Economic Theory of Index Numbers and the Measurement of Input, Output, and Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(6), pages 1393-1414, November.
    8. Lisa M. Pfeiffer, 2003. "Agricultural Productivity Growth in the Andean Community," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1335-1341.
    9. Nin, Alejandro & Arndt, Channing & Preckel, Paul V., 2003. "Is agricultural productivity in developing countries really shrinking? New evidence using a modified nonparametric approach," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 395-415, August.
    10. Lau, Lawrence J. & Yotopoulos, Pan A., 1989. "The meta-production function approach to technological change in world agriculture," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 241-269, October.
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