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Independent invention in Italy during the Liberal Age, 1861-1913

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Listed:
  • Alessandro Nuvolari

    () (Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies)

  • Michelangelo Vasta

    () (University of Siena)

Abstract

"in this paper we examine the phenomenon of independent invention in Italy during the liberal age (1861-1913).We make use of a new dataset comprising all patents granted in Italy in five benchmark years: 1864, 1881, 1891, 1902, 1911. We carry out the following exercises. First we examine the relative shares of independent and corporate and foreign invention and their evolution over time and across industries. Second, by exploiting the peculiarities of Italian patent legislation which established a maximum patent length of fifteen years and a flexible renewal scheme which allowed inventors to maintain a patent “alive” for almost any specific duration, we assess the relative quality of independent and corporate patents. Our results indicate that in Italy independent inventors provided an important contribution to technological change but the quality of their patents was significantly lower than that of large firms and of foreign patentees."

Suggested Citation

  • Alessandro Nuvolari & Michelangelo Vasta, 2013. "Independent invention in Italy during the Liberal Age, 1861-1913," Working Papers 13028, Economic History Society.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehs:wpaper:13028
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:oup:ereveh:v:21:y:2017:i:3:p:326-356. is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Alessandro Nuvolari & Michelangelo Vasta, 2017. "The geography of innovation in Italy, 1861–1913: evidence from patent data," European Review of Economic History, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(3), pages 326-356.
    3. repec:bla:ehsrev:v:72:y:2019:i:1:p:182-208 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Domini, Giacomo, 2016. "Patents, exhibitions and markets for innovation in the early twentieth century: Evidence from Turin 1911 International Exhibition," MERIT Working Papers 061, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    5. Gabriele Cappelli, 2016. "One size that didn’t fit all? Electoral franchise, fiscal capacity and the rise of mass schooling across Italy’s provinces, 1870–1911," Cliometrica, Springer;Cliometric Society (Association Francaise de Cliométrie), vol. 10(3), pages 311-343, September.
    6. Domini, Giacomo, 2015. "The innovation-trade nexus: Italy in historical perspective (1861-1939)," MERIT Working Papers 055, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    7. Giacomo Domini, 2019. "Exhibitions, patents, and innovation in the early twentieth century: evidence from the Turin 1911 International Exhibition," LEM Papers Series 2019/04, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.

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    • N00 - Economic History - - General - - - General

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