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Numéraire-invariant preferences in financial modeling

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  • Kardaras, Constantinos

Abstract

We provide an axiomatic foundation for the representation of numéraire-invariant preferences of economic agents acting in a financial market. In a static environment, the simple axioms turn out to be equivalent to the following choice rule: the agent prefers one outcome over another if and only if the expected (under the agent's subjective probability) relative rate of return of the latter outcome with respect to the former is nonpositive. With the addition of a transitivity requirement, this last preference relation has an extension that can be numerically represented by expected logarithmic utility. We also treat the case of a dynamic environment where consumption streams are the objects of choice. There, a novel result concerning a canonical representation of unit-mass optional measures enables us to explicitly solve the investment--consumption problem by separating the two aspects of investment and consumption. Finally, we give an application to the problem of optimal numéraire investment with a random time-horizon.

Suggested Citation

  • Kardaras, Constantinos, 2010. "Numéraire-invariant preferences in financial modeling," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 44993, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:44993
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    File URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/44993/
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Dirk Becherer, 2001. "The numeraire portfolio for unbounded semimartingales," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 5(3), pages 327-341.
    2. Henry Allen Latane, 1959. "Criteria for Choice Among Risky Ventures," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 67, pages 144-144.
    3. Paul A. Samuelson, 2011. "Why We Should Not Make Mean Log of Wealth Big Though Years to Act Are Long," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: THE KELLY CAPITAL GROWTH INVESTMENT CRITERION THEORY and PRACTICE, chapter 34, pages 491-493 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    4. Blanchet-Scalliet, Christophette & El Karoui, Nicole & Jeanblanc, Monique & Martellini, Lionel, 2008. "Optimal investment decisions when time-horizon is uncertain," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(11), pages 1100-1113, December.
    5. Stefan Ankirchner & Steffen Dereich & Peter Imkeller, 2005. "The Shannon information of filtrations and the additional logarithmic utility of insiders," Papers math/0503013, arXiv.org, revised May 2006.
    6. Mas-Colell, Andreu & Whinston, Michael D. & Green, Jerry R., 1995. "Microeconomic Theory," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195102680.
    7. Ioannis Karatzas & Constantinos Kardaras, 2007. "The numéraire portfolio in semimartingale financial models," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 11(4), pages 447-493, October.
    8. Eckhard Platen, 2006. "A Benchmark Approach To Finance," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(1), pages 131-151.
    9. Bruno Bouchard & Huyên Pham, 2004. "Wealth-path dependent utility maximization in incomplete markets," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 8(4), pages 579-603, November.
    10. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1803 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kardaras, Constantinos & Platen, Eckhard, 2011. "On the semimartingale property of discounted asset-price processes," Stochastic Processes and their Applications, Elsevier, vol. 121(11), pages 2678-2691, November.
    2. Irina Penner & Anthony Réveillac, 2015. "Risk measures for processes and BSDEs," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 19(1), pages 23-66, January.
    3. Song, Shiqi, 2016. "Drift operator in a viable expansion of information flow," Stochastic Processes and their Applications, Elsevier, vol. 126(8), pages 2297-2322.
    4. Li, Libo & Rutkowski, Marek, 2012. "Random times and multiplicative systems," Stochastic Processes and their Applications, Elsevier, vol. 122(5), pages 2053-2077.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    preferences; choice rules; numéraire-invariance; optional measures; investment–consumption problem; random time-horizon utility maximization;

    JEL classification:

    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)

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