IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Rules of origin and trade facilitation in preferential trade agreements in Latin America


  • Izam, Miguel


The term rules of origin" is an economic expression referring to a set of substantive rules for identifying the source of imported goods. As with any set of rules, certain formalities must be followed which entail public and private transaction costs. The public sector has to enforce the rules of origin and implement proper controls with a view to monitoring external trade in goods, minimizing budgetary expenditures and maximizing the collection of tax revenues, while at the same time facilitating international trade. Likewise, private agents involved in external trade in goods are required to follow certain procedures, which should be efficient and expeditious. There is already an abundance of economic literature relating to rules of origin; in this paper, we are concerned with the procedures involved in complying with such rules, in both the public and the private spheres. We approach the issue from the standpoint of trade facilitation. The matter of determining the origin of internationally traded goods inevitably comes up, however, so it will be discussed, although not in depth. Although there is no single definition of the term "trade facilitation", all working definitions take into account the matter of customs procedures, and many also explicitly refer to rules of origin. In both cases, the idea is to reduce the transaction costs associated with internationally traded goods."

Suggested Citation

  • Izam, Miguel, 2003. "Rules of origin and trade facilitation in preferential trade agreements in Latin America," Comercio Internacional 31, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col025:4370
    Note: Includes bibliography

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ecr:col025:4370. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Biblioteca CEPAL). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.