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Trade policy making in Latin America: a compared analysis


  • Sáez, Sebastián


This paper examines the way trade policy is formulated in a representative set of Latin American countries. Despite the fact that the economic reform process in Latin America has been substantial, the benefits of the reforms are under question. Some claim that part of the current disenchantment with structural reforms, including trade policy, in Latin America may be due to the fact that the quality of policies and of policy implementation has been tainted by structural characteristics of policymaking processes. In recent years, the interest has arisen to know and understand how decisions on trade policy are taken in Latin America. This case is a mixture of schemes, which are more or less applicable depending on the actors involved internationally (multilateral, plurilateral or bilateral processes), how deep is the democratic tradition of the country in question and what is the level of organisation and complexity of the civil society. Bureaucracies in Latin America play a major role in designing and orienting the decisions on trade policy. On the other hand, the Legislative Power assumes an important role in the final stage, when it must accept or reject the terms of negotiations. Finally, co-ordination and consultation mechanisms within the public sector —and between it and other relevant players, such as the Legislative Power and the civil society— are weak.

Suggested Citation

  • Sáez, Sebastián, 2005. "Trade policy making in Latin America: a compared analysis," Comercio Internacional 55, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col025:4397
    Note: Includes bibliography

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ventura-Dias, Vivianne, 2001. "Notas sobre o acesso aos mercados e a formação de uma Area de Livre-Comércio com os Estados Unidos," Comercio Internacional 20, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    2. Durán Lima, José Elías & Ventura-Dias, Vivianne, 2003. "Comercio intrafirma: concepto, alcance y magnitud," Comercio Internacional 44, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    3. Ueki, Yasushi, 2003. "E-commerce environment and trade promotion for Latin America: policy implications from East Asian and advanced economies' experiences," Comercio Internacional 29, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    4. Ventura-Dias, Vivianne & Acosta, María José & Durán Lima, José Elías & Mattos, José Carlos Silva, 2003. "Globalización y servicios: cambios estructurales en el comercio internacional," Comercio Internacional 46, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    5. Ueki, Yasushi, 2003. "E-business innovation and customs renovation for secure supply chain management," Comercio Internacional 34, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
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