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Services in regional agreements between Latin American and developed countries


  • Marconini, Mario A.


The paper analyses the main features of trade agreements covering services concluded between Latin American countries and developed country partners. The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) is devoted a full section with a view to setting out key analytical parameters for the ensuing approach to individual agreements with the United States, the European Union and Japan. By means of a very detailed comparison across agreements, a typology is established for classifying specific elements with relation to whether they simply mirror GATS provisions (GATS-neutral"), go beyond GATS provisions ("GATS-Plus") or fall short of GATS provisions in some respect ("GATS-Minus"). In doing that, it becomes apparent that often-made generalizations can be wrong and that any analysis focused on one or two elements in isolation is bound to be incomplete, inconclusive or simply inaccurate. A full section is also devoted to the question of policy space with a particular emphasis on if and when the agreements herein in question curtail governments' prerogatives to regulate and make policy on matters relating to services. The paper acknowledges that there are indeed many "sore spots" in those agreements but demonstrates that many of the existing mechanisms permit in any case some level of leeway for policy-makers. The paper concludes with ten lessons regarding trade in services agreements between Latin American countries and developed trading partners."

Suggested Citation

  • Marconini, Mario A., 2006. "Services in regional agreements between Latin American and developed countries," Comercio Internacional 71, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
  • Handle: RePEc:ecr:col025:4414
    Note: Includes bibliography

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ventura-Dias, Vivianne, 2001. "Notas sobre o acesso aos mercados e a formação de uma Area de Livre-Comércio com os Estados Unidos," Comercio Internacional 20, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    2. Durán Lima, José Elías & Ventura-Dias, Vivianne, 2003. "Comercio intrafirma: concepto, alcance y magnitud," Comercio Internacional 44, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    3. Ueki, Yasushi, 2003. "E-commerce environment and trade promotion for Latin America: policy implications from East Asian and advanced economies' experiences," Comercio Internacional 29, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    4. Ventura-Dias, Vivianne & Acosta, María José & Durán Lima, José Elías & Mattos, José Carlos Silva, 2003. "Globalización y servicios: cambios estructurales en el comercio internacional," Comercio Internacional 46, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    5. Ueki, Yasushi, 2003. "E-business innovation and customs renovation for secure supply chain management," Comercio Internacional 34, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
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    Cited by:

    1. World Bank, 2007. "East Asian FTAs in Services," World Bank Other Operational Studies 19240, The World Bank.
    2. Alexander Daniltsev & Olga Biryukova, 2015. "Beyond the GATS: Implicit Engines in Services RTAs," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 62(3), pages 321-337, June.


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