Debt and Product Market Fragility
Liquidation of a supplier of durable goods can be costly for its customers because it frequently undermines the smooth supply of after-sales service and spare parts or makes it more costly. This paper studies the interplay between capital structure and product pricing strategy when liquidation imposes costs on customers. I develop a model which illustrates that highly leveraged firms can enter a vicious circle in which financial distress and sales drops are re-enforcing. Multiple equilibria can arise. There exists a "good" equilibrium in which consumers buy and the firm is in good financial shape. However, when agency problems between investors and managers are severe, there is also "bad" equilibrium: consumers turn away from the vendor, the market collapses, and the firm goes bankrupt. Moreover, the "good" equilibrium is highly fragile in that a small shock to the firm's profits can trigger a spiral of sales drops. I show that the firm can avoid the "bad" equilibrium by cutting prices and reducing leverage.
|Date of creation:||01 Aug 2000|
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- Jean Tirole, 1988. "The Theory of Industrial Organization," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262200716, July.
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- Dan Kovenock & Gordon M Phillips, 1995. "Capital Structure and Product Market Behavior: An Examination of Plant Exit and Investment Decisions," Working Papers 95-4, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
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