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Competition under Financial Distress

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  • Hendel, Igal

Abstract

This paper presents a link between product market competition and the financial situation--in particular asset composition--of firms, based on capital market imperfections. Consistent with the popular view, the model shows that firms under financial distress use aggressive pricing to generate cash. Firms resort to aggressive pricing in order to reshape their asset composition between nonliquid and liquid assets when new information renders their current composition nonoptimal. In contrast to the vast literature on inventories that has given little attention to pricing, the model links pricing and inventory behavior. Low pricing is used as a source of internal funding. Copyright 1996 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Hendel, Igal, 1996. "Competition under Financial Distress," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(3), pages 309-324, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jindec:v:44:y:1996:i:3:p:309-24
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jacquemin, Alexis P & Berry, Charles H, 1979. "Entropy Measure of Diversification and Corporate Growth," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(4), pages 359-369, June.
    2. Kwoka, John E, Jr, 1979. "The Effect of Market Share Distribution on Industry Performance," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(1), pages 101-109, February.
    3. Zellner, A., 1988. "Optimal Information-Processing And Bayes' Theorem," Papers m8803, Southern California - Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ciliberto, Federico & Schenone, Carola, 2012. "Bankruptcy and product-market competition: Evidence from the airline industry," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 564-577.
    2. Turan Erol, 2004. "Strategic Debt with Diverse Maturity in Developing Countries: Industry-Level Evidence from Turkey," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(5), pages 5-24, September.
    3. García-Vega, María & Guariglia, Alessandra & Spaliara, Marina-Eliza, 2012. "Volatility, financial constraints, and trade," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 57-76.
    4. Tribo, Josep A., 2001. "Inventories, financial structure and market structure," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1-3), pages 79-89, May.
    5. Tribo, Josep A., 2007. "Ownership structure and inventory policy," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(1-2), pages 213-220, July.
    6. Cookson, J. Anthony, 2017. "Leverage and strategic preemption: Lessons from entry plans and incumbent investments," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(2), pages 292-312.
    7. Turan Erol, 2004. "Strategic Debt with Diverse Maturity in Developing Countries: Industry-Level Evidence from Turkey," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(5), pages 5-24, September.
    8. Anna Bottasso & Marzio Galeotti & Alessandro Sembenelli, 1997. "The Impact Of Financing Constraints On Markups: Theory And Evidence From Italian Firm Level Data," CERIS Working Paper 199706, Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY -NOW- Research Institute on Sustainable Economic Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY.
    9. Stefan ARPING, 2000. "Debt and Product Market Fragility," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) 00.21, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
    10. Tribó, Josep A., 2009. "Firms' stock market flotation: Effects on inventory policy," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(1), pages 10-18, March.
    11. Arping, Stefan & Diaw, Khaled M., 2008. "Sunk costs, entry deterrence, and financial constraints," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 490-501, March.
    12. Koh, SzeKee & Durand, Robert B. & Dai, Lele & Chang, Millicent, 2015. "Financial distress: Lifecycle and corporate restructuring," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 19-33.
    13. Rainer Nitsche, 2000. "Incentives to Grow: Multimarket Firms and Predation," CIG Working Papers FS IV 00-19, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG).
    14. Holly, Sean & Turner, Paul, 2001. "Inventory investment and asymmetric adjustment: Some evidence for the UK," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(3), pages 251-260, August.
    15. Hendel, Igal, 1997. "Aggressive pricing as a source of funding," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 57(3), pages 275-281, December.
    16. Severin Borenstein & Nancy L. Rose, 2003. "Do Airline Bankruptcies Reduce Air Service?," NBER Working Papers 9636, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    17. Lee, Hwa Ryung, 2009. "Bankruptcies and low-cost Carrier Expansion in the Airline Industry," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt8g8639tn, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
    18. Anna Bottasso, 1996. "Firms’ Financial Structure And Real Decisions: A Critical Survey Of The Empirical Literature," CERIS Working Paper 199623, Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY -NOW- Research Institute on Sustainable Economic Growth - Moncalieri (TO) ITALY.
    19. Nikolov, Pavel, 2010. "Procyclical Effects of the banking System during the financial and economic Crisis 2007-2009: the Case of Europe," MPRA Paper 24126, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 27 Jul 2010.
    20. Nikolov, Pavel, 2010. "Procyclical Effects of the banking System during the financial and economic Crisis 2007-2009: the Case of Europe," MPRA Paper 23945, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Neff, Cornelia, 1997. "Finanzstruktur und strategischer Wettbewerb auf Gütermärkten," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 89, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
    22. Povel, Paul & Raith, Michael, 2004. "Financial constraints and product market competition: ex ante vs. ex post incentives," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 22(7), pages 917-949, September.

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