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The Dynamics of Nestedness Predicts the Evolution of Industrial Ecosystems

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  • Bustos, Sebastian

    (Harvard University)

  • Gomez, Charles

    (Stanford University)

  • Hausmann, Ricardo

    (Harvard University and Santa Fe Institute)

  • Hidalgo, Cesar A.

    (Harvard University and MIT)

Abstract

Decades of research in ecology have shown that nestedness is a ubiquitous characteristic of both, biological and economic ecosystems. The dynamics of nestedness, however, have rarely been observed. Here we show that the nestedness of both, the network connecting countries to the products that they export and the network connecting municipalities to the industries that are present in them, remains constant over time. Moreover, we find that the conservation of nestedness is sustained by both, a bias for industries that deviate from the networks' nestedness to disappear, and a bias for the industries that are missing according to nestedness to appear. This makes the appearance and disappearance of individual industries in each location predictable. The conservation of nestedness in industrial ecosystems, and the predictability implied by it, demonstrates the importance of industrial ecosystems in the long term survival of economic activities.

Suggested Citation

  • Bustos, Sebastian & Gomez, Charles & Hausmann, Ricardo & Hidalgo, Cesar A., 2012. "The Dynamics of Nestedness Predicts the Evolution of Industrial Ecosystems," Working Paper Series rwp12-021, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecl:harjfk:rwp12-021
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Frank Neffke & Martin Henning & Ron Boschma, 2011. "How Do Regions Diversify over Time? Industry Relatedness and the Development of New Growth Paths in Regions," Economic Geography, Clark University, vol. 87(3), pages 237-265, July.
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    3. Ricardo Hausmann & Jason Hwang & Dani Rodrik, 2007. "What you export matters," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 1-25, March.
    4. Ricardo Hausmann & César Hidalgo, 2011. "The network structure of economic output," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 309-342, December.
    5. C. A. Hidalgo & B. Klinger & A. -L. Barabasi & R. Hausmann, 2007. "The Product Space Conditions the Development of Nations," Papers 0708.2090, arXiv.org.
    6. Balassa, Bela, 1986. "Comparative Advantage in Manufactured Goods: A Reappraisal," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 68(2), pages 315-319, May.
    7. David J. Bryce & Sidney G. Winter, 2009. "A General Interindustry Relatedness Index," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 55(9), pages 1570-1585, September.
    8. Teece, David J. & Rumelt, Richard & Dosi, Giovanni & Winter, Sidney, 1994. "Understanding corporate coherence : Theory and evidence," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 1-30, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hartmann, Dominik & Guevara, Miguel R. & Jara-Figueroa, Cristian & Aristarán, Manuel & Hidalgo, César A., 2017. "Linking Economic Complexity, Institutions, and Income Inequality," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 75-93.
    2. Luiz G. A. Alves & Giuseppe Mangioni & Isabella Cingolani & Francisco A. Rodrigues & Pietro Panzarasa & Yamir Moreno, 2018. "The nested structural organization of the worldwide trade multi-layer network," Papers 1803.02872, arXiv.org.
    3. Chan, Jackie M.L. & Manova, Kalina, 2015. "Financial development and the choice of trade partners," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 122-145.
    4. Antonios Garas & Celine Rozenblat & Frank Schweitzer, 2015. "The network structure of city-firm relations," Papers 1512.02859, arXiv.org.
    5. Viktor Stojkoski & Zoran Utkovski & Ljupco Kocarev, 2016. "The Impact of Services on Economic Complexity: Service Sophistication as Route for Economic Growth," Papers 1604.06284, arXiv.org, revised Jul 2016.
    6. Hanan Morsy & Antoine Levy & Clara Sanchez, 2015. "Growing Without Changing: a Tale of Egypt's Weak Productivity Growth," Working Papers 940, Economic Research Forum, revised Sep 2015.
    7. Hausmann, Ricardo & Hidalgo, Cesar A. & Stock, Daniel P. & Yildirim, Muhammed A., 2014. "Implied Comparative Advantage," Working Paper Series rwp14-003, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
    8. Chengyi Tu & Joel Carr & Samir Suweis, 2016. "A data driven network approach to rank countries production diversity and food specialization," Papers 1606.01270, arXiv.org.

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