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Ownership of Stocks and Mutual Funds: A Panel Data Analysis

  • Alessie, Rob

    (Free University Amsterdam)

  • Stefan Hochguertel

    (European University Institute)

  • Arthur van Soest

    (Tilburg University)

In many industrial countries, ownership rates of risky assets have risen substantially over the past decade. This trend has potentially wideñranging implications for the intertemporal and cross-sectional allocation of risk, and for the macro economy, establishing the need for understanding ownership dynamics at the micro level. This paper offers one of the first such analyses using representative panel survey data. We focus on the two main types of risky financial assets, mutual funds and individual stocks. We extend existing univariate dynamic binary choice models to the multivariate case and take account of interactions between the two types of assets. The models are estimated on data from the 1993ñ1998 waves of the Dutch CentER Savings Survey. We find that both unobserved heterogeneity and state dependence play a large role for both types of assets. Most of the positive relation between ownership of mutual funds in one period and ownership of individual stocks in the next period or vice versa, is explained by unobserved heterogeneity: if we account for correlation between the household specific effects in the two binary choice equations, we find a negative effect of lagged ownership of stocks on the ownership of mutual funds. These findings can be explained by adjustment costs that make it optimal to stick to one type of asset.

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Paper provided by Royal Economic Society in its series Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2002 with number 3.

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Date of creation: 29 Aug 2002
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Handle: RePEc:ecj:ac2002:3
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  1. Samuelson, Paul A, 1969. "Lifetime Portfolio Selection by Dynamic Stochastic Programming," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(3), pages 239-46, August.
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  4. King, Mervyn A. & Leape, Jonathan I., 1998. "Wealth and portfolio composition: Theory and evidence," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 155-193, June.
  5. Lee, L.F., 1994. "Simulated Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Dynamic Discrete Choice Statistical Models--Some Monte Carlo Results," Papers 94-06, Michigan - Center for Research on Economic & Social Theory.
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  7. Agell, Jonas & Edin, Per-Anders, 1990. " Marginal Taxes and the Asset Portfolios of Swedish Households," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 92(1), pages 47-64.
  8. John Heaton & Deborah Lucas, 2000. "Portfolio Choice and Asset Prices: The Importance of Entrepreneurial Risk," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 55(3), pages 1163-1198, 06.
  9. Stefan Hochguertel, 2003. "Precautionary motives and portfolio decisions," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(1), pages 61-77.
  10. Merton, Robert C, 1969. "Lifetime Portfolio Selection under Uncertainty: The Continuous-Time Case," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(3), pages 247-57, August.
  11. James M. Poterba, 2001. "Taxation and Portfolio Structure: Issues and Implications," NBER Working Papers 8223, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Richard Blundell & Steve Bond & Frank Windmeijer, 2000. "Estimation in dynamic panel data models: improving on the performance of the standard GMM estimator," IFS Working Papers W00/12, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
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