Credit Allocation of Japanese Banks in the 1990s: Evidence from the Short-term Economic Survey of Enterprises
This study is an empirical attempt to investigate the effects of balance sheet deterioration of Japanese firms and banks during the 1990s on credit allocation using the Short-term Economic Survey of Enterprises. This survey includes a unique item: the proportion of firms perceiving the lending attitude to be severe. After developing a theoretical model to link this item with the balance sheet conditions of borrowers and lenders, we estimated the relationships that we derived from our model. We found that credit was reduced when the balance sheet of firms and banks deteriorated. The effects are particularly significant for non-manufacturing industries.
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"Unnatural Selection: Perverse Incentives and the Misallocation of Credit in Japan,"
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American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 98(5), pages 1943-1977, December.
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- Sekine, Toshitaka & Kobayashi, Keiichiro & Saita, Yumi, 2003. "Forbearance Lending: The Case of Japanese Firms," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 21(2), pages 69-92, August.
- Eric S. Rosengren & Joe Peek, 2000. "Collateral Damage: Effects of the Japanese Bank Crisis on Real Activity in the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(1), pages 30-45, March.
- Yuzo Honda, 2002. "The effects of the Basle accord on bank credit: the case of Japan," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(10), pages 1233-1239.
- Kazuo Ogawa, 2004. "Debt, R&D Investment and Technological Progress: A Panel Study of Japanese Manufacturing Firms in the 90s," ISER Discussion Paper 0607, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
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