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Distribución del Ingreso en América Latina: Explorando las Diferencias entre Países

Author

Listed:
  • Leonardo Gasparini

    () (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - FCE - UNLP)

  • Francisco Haimovich

    () (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - FCE - UNLP)

  • Hernán Winkler

    () (Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) - FCE - UNLP)

Abstract

Este trabajo caracteriza las diferencias entre las distribuciones del ingreso de las áreas urbanas de América Latina a través de descomposiciones aplicadas sobre microdatos de las encuestas de hogares de los países de la región. Los resultados indican que las diferencias entre países en los retornos a la educación formal y a factores inobservables en términos de salarios horarios dan cuenta de gran parte de las diferencias entre las distribuciones del ingreso per cápita de las economías de la región. Las diferencias en términos de horas trabajadas, empleo, fecundidad, diferencias salariales por género y edad, y aun de estructura educativa parecen tener, en promedio, un papel algo menor.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonardo Gasparini & Francisco Haimovich & Hernán Winkler, 2006. "Distribución del Ingreso en América Latina: Explorando las Diferencias entre Países," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0034, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  • Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0034
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Walter Sosa Escudero & Anil K. Bera, 2008. "Tests for Unbalanced Error Component Models Under Local Misspecication," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0065, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    2. Paula Giovagnoli, 2007. "Failures in school progression," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0050, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    3. Diego Battiston & Francisco Franchetti, 2008. "Inequality in Health Coverage, Empirical Analysis with Microdata for Argentina 2006," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0063, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    4. Mariana Marchionni & Germán Bet & Ana Pacheco, 2007. "Empleo, Educación y Entorno Social de los Jóvenes: Una Nueva Fuente de Información," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0061, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    5. Mariana Viollaz & Sergio Olivieri & Javier Alejo, 2009. "Labor Income Polarization in Greater Buenos Aires," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0089, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    6. Ricardo Bebczuk, 2009. "SME Access to Credit in Guatemala and Nicaragua: Challenging Conventional Wisdom with New Evidence," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0080, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    7. Ricardo Bebczuk & Francisco Haimovich, 2007. "MDGs and Microcredit: An Empirical Evaluation for Latin American Countries," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0048, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    8. Sebastian Galiani & Federico Weinschelbaum, 2012. "Modeling Informality Formally: Households And Firms," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 50(3), pages 821-838, July.
    9. Logares, Candelaria, 2008. "Evolución de la pobreza en argentina: evidencia, perfil y determinantes (1974‐2004)
      [Evolution of the poverty in argentina]
      ," MPRA Paper 22754, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Leopoldo Tornarolli & Adriana Conconi, 2007. "Informalidad y Movilidad Laboral: Un Análisis Empírico para Argentina," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0059, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    distribución; ingreso; pobreza; América Latina; descomposiciones;

    JEL classification:

    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • D6 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics

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