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Ungesunde Verhältnisse?: Eine Längsschnittanalyse zur Gesundheit von Kindern in zusammen- und getrenntlebenden Familien

  • Hilke Brockmann
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    Familien schaffen Gesundheit, aber der Wandel familiärer Strukturen wird für viele negative gesundheitliche Veränderungen in der Bevölkerung verantwortlich gemacht. Wie entwickelt sich die Gesundheit von jüngeren Kindern heute in Deutschland, wenn Eltern zusammen oder getrennt leben? Anhand der aktuellen Daten des sozio-ökonomischen Panels können wir zeigen, dass Kinder in traditionellen Ehen nicht generell gesünder sind als Kinder in anderen Familien. So ist das Risiko, dass Kinder an einer gesundheitlichen Störung leiden, bei getrennt lebenden Müttern sogar signifikant niedriger als bei Kindern verheirateter Mütter. Trotzdem haben Kinder verheirateter Mütter ein höheres Geburtsgewicht und einen weniger von der Norm abweichenden BMI als Kinder geschiedener Mütter. Im Längsschnitt und unter Kontrolle möglicher Selektionseffekte lässt sich die negative gesundheitliche Wirkung einer Trennung und Scheidung der Eltern nachweisen. Vor allem die mentale und intellektuelle Verfassung der Mutter, nicht aber ihre materielle Situation, kann helfen, die negativen gesundheitlichen Folgen einer Trennung abzufedern. Vor dem Hintergrund der steigenden Zahlen alleinerziehender Mütter wird die aktuelle und zukünftige Bedeutung der Befunde diskutiert.

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    File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.411492.de/diw_sp0503.pdf
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    Paper provided by DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) in its series SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research with number 503.

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    Length: 34 p.
    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp503
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    1. Wendy Sigle-Rushton & John Hobcraft & Kathleen Kiernan, 2005. "Parental divorce and subsequent disadvantage: A cross-cohort comparison," Demography, Springer, vol. 42(3), pages 427-446, August.
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    7. Joung, Inez M. A. & van de Mheen, H. Dike & Stronks, Karien & van Poppel, Frans W. A. & Mackenbach, Johan P., 1998. "A longitudinal study of health selection in marital transitions," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 425-435, February.
    8. Yuanreng Hu & Noreen Goldman, 1990. "Mortality Differentials by Marital Status: An International Comparison," Demography, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 233-250, May.
    9. Wolff, Jennifer L. & Roter, Debra L., 2011. "Family presence in routine medical visits: A meta-analytical review," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 72(6), pages 823-831, March.
    10. Alison Aughinbaugh & Charles Pierret & Donna Rothstein, 2005. "The impact of family structure transitions on youth achievement: Evidence from the children of the NlSY79," Demography, Springer, vol. 42(3), pages 447-468, August.
    11. Florencia Torche, 2011. "The Effect of Maternal Stress on Birth Outcomes: Exploiting a Natural Experiment," Demography, Springer, vol. 48(4), pages 1473-1491, November.
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