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Soziale Unterschiede in der Lebenserwartung: Möglichkeiten auf Basis des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels

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  • Lars Eric Kroll
  • Thomas Lampert

Abstract

This paper describes the potential of analysing socio-economic inequalities in life expectancy using the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (GSOEP). It includes a short review on available data sources and recent evidence on inequalities in life expectancy for Germany. Subsequently the characteristics of the SOEP and some issues regarding the analysis of mortality using the data are discussed. The main problem regarding the goal of providing undistorted estimates for the life expectancy of social strata using the SOEP is the overesti-mation of life expectancy in the study population. We will present a method that allows to overcome this problem by using data of the official life tables for Germany. In diesem Beitrag werden Möglichkeiten zur Analyse sozialer Unterschiede in der Lebenserwartung auf Basis des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) dargestellt. Einleitend wird ein Überblick über verschiedene Datenquellen zur Analyse sozial differenzieller Sterblichkeit gegeben und der Forschungsstand für Deutschland zusammengefasst. Anschließend wird auf methodische Besonderheiten und Probleme des SOEP hingewiesen, die sich insbesondere an einer Überschätzung der mittleren Lebenserwartung festmachen lassen. Abschließend wird ein Verfahren vorgestellt, anhand dessen sich diese Überschätzung unter Verwendung der amtlichen Sterbetafeln ausgleichen lässt.

Suggested Citation

  • Lars Eric Kroll & Thomas Lampert, 2008. "Soziale Unterschiede in der Lebenserwartung: Möglichkeiten auf Basis des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 112, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp112
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    File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.86607.de/diw_sp0112.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. White, Halbert, 1982. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Misspecified Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 1-25, January.
    2. Mario Cleves & William W. Gould & Roberto G. Gutierrez & Yulia Marchenko, 2010. "An Introduction to Survival Analysis Using Stata," Stata Press books, StataCorp LP, edition 3, number saus3, April.
    3. Gert G. Wagner & Joachim R. Frick & Jürgen Schupp, 2007. "The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) – Scope, Evolution and Enhancements," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 127(1), pages 139-169.
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    Cited by:

    1. Thieme, Sebastian, 2010. "Subsistenz: Geschichte, Bedeutung und Rekonstruktion des Subsistenzbegriffes
      [Subsistence: History, Meaning and Reconstruction of the Subsistence Term]
      ," MPRA Paper 24553, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Health; income and poverty; methods;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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