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To concentration of reproduction in cohorts of US and European women

  • Vladimir M. Shkolnikov

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Evgueni M. Andreev

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • René Houle

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • James W. Vaupel

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

Registered author(s):

    We study inter-individual variability in number of children among women. Concentration ratio (CR) and percentile measures are used. In most countries CR has increasing from cohorts of the 1930s-40s onward due to rise in childlessness. In cohorts of the early 1960s CR varies from 0.24 to 0.46 among 20 countries. West Germany and the USA have the lowest values of CR, while Eastern European countries have the highest. The US CPS and FFS allow further exploring the variability. Fertility strongly varies across socio-demographic groups. Advanced groups of women experience childlessness of 30%, average fertility of 1.3-1.5 and CR of 0.45-0.49. Groups with lower qualification experience childlessness of 10 percent, average fertility of 2.4-3.0, and CR of 0.30-0.34. The inter-group contrast can not explain high concentration of reproduction in the USA, since variability is high within each group. Concentration of reproduction could be driven by women’s preferences/orientations toward family vs. career.

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    Paper provided by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany in its series MPIDR Working Papers with number WP-2004-027.

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    Length: 30 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2004
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2004-027
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    1. repec:cai:poeine:pope_203_0447 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. John Bongaarts, 2002. "The End of the Fertility Transition in the Developed World," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 28(3), pages 419-443.
    3. Griffith Feeney, 1991. "Fertility decline in Taiwan: A study using parity progression ratios," Demography, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 467-479, August.
    4. Catherine Hakim, 2003. "A New Approach to Explaining Fertility Patterns: Preference Theory," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 29(3), pages 349-374.
    5. Kenneth Couch & Mary Daly & Douglas Wolf, 1999. "Time? money? both? the allocation of resources to older Parents," Demography, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 219-232, May.
    6. S. Philip Morgan, 2003. "Is low fertility a twenty-first-century demographic crisis?," Demography, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 589-603, November.
    7. Laurent Toulemon & Magali Mazuy, 2001. "Les naissances sont retardées mais la fécondité est stable," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 56(4), pages 611-644.
    8. Samuel Preston, 1976. "Family sizes of children and family sizes of women," Demography, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 105-114, February.
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