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Une revue de la littérature sur les échelles d'équivalence

  • Lechene, V.

[fre] Une revue de la littérature sur les échelles d'équivalence, par Valérie Lechene. La modélisation de l'effet des enfants sur les comportements économiques a donné lieu à une littérature abondante et controversée. Ceci provient d'une part de ce que la mesure du coût de l'enfant s'avère nécessaire pour répondre à de nombreuses questions économiques, et d'autre part, de ce que subsistent des ambiguïtés quant au champ d'application des modèles existant à l'heure actuelle. L'intégration des caractéristiques socio-démographiques à l'outil micro-économique conduit à la construction d'échelles d'équivalence, conçues comme des indices du coût des caractéristiques, et utilisées en analyse de la demande et pour la mesure du bien-être. Je présenterai le problème fondamental d'identification des échelles à partir de données de demande, et j'indiquerai ce que mesurent réellement les échelles d'équivalence. Enfin, je présenterai les modèles d'Engel, de Rothbarth, de Barten et de Prais et Houthakker, qui sont les principaux modèles utilisés. [eng] A Review ofthe Literature on Equivalence Scales, by Valérie Lechene. Controversial literature abounds on modelling the effect of children on economic behaviour. This is due both to the fact that the cost of children needs to be measured in order to answer many economic questions and also that ambiguousness exists as to the field of application for the current models. The integration of socio-demographic characteristics into the microeconomic tool leads to the construction of equivalence scales, which are designed as indices of the cost of the characteristics and used to analyze demand and measure welfare. The equivalence scales, which are designed as indices of the cost of the characteristics and used to analyze demand and measure welfare. The article presents the fundamental problem of identifying scales using demand data and shows what the equivalence scales really measure. Lastly, the main models used are presented, i.e. those of

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Paper provided by DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure) in its series DELTA Working Papers with number 93-04.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 1993
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Economie et Statistique, 1993, no. 110-111 (4/5), pp.169-182
Handle: RePEc:del:abcdef:93-04
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  1. Pollak, R.A., 1990. "Welfare Comparisons And Situations Comparisons," Working Papers 90-11, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
  2. Lazear, Edward P. & Michael, Robert T., 1988. "Allocation of Income within the Household," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226469669, July.
  3. Browning, Martin, 1992. "Children and Household Economic Behavior," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 1434-75, September.
  4. Deaton, Angus S & Muellbauer, John, 1986. "On Measuring Child Costs: With Applications to Poor Countries," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(4), pages 720-44, August.
  5. Blackorby, C. & Donaldson, D., 1991. "Equivalence Scales And the Costs of Children," G.R.E.Q.A.M. 91a14, Universite Aix-Marseille III.
  6. Thomas, D., 1989. "Intra-Household Resource Allocation: An Inferential Approach," Papers 586, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  7. Muellbauer, John, 1980. "The Estimation of the Prais-Houthakker Model of Equivalence Scales," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(1), pages 153-76, January.
  8. T. Paul Schultz, 1990. "Testing the Neoclassical Model of Family Labor Supply and Fertility," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(4), pages 599-634.
  9. Jorgenson, Dale W & Slesnick, Daniel T, 1987. "Aggregate Consumer Behavior and Household Equivalence Scales," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 5(2), pages 219-32, April.
  10. Nelson, Julie A, 1988. "Household Economies of Scale in Consumption: Theory and Evidence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(6), pages 1301-14, November.
  11. Haddad, L. & Kanbur, R., 1989. "How Serious Is The Neglectof Intra-Household Inequality?," Papers 450, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
  12. Deaton,Angus & Muellbauer,John, 1980. "Economics and Consumer Behavior," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521296762, September.
  13. Pollak, Robert A & Wales, Terence J, 1981. "Demographic Variables in Demand Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(6), pages 1533-51, November.
  14. Deaton, Angus S & Ruiz-Castillo, Javier & Thomas, Duncan, 1989. "The Influence of Household Composition on Household Expenditure Patterns: Theory and Spanish Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(1), pages 179-200, February.
  15. Pollak, Robert A & Wales, Terence J, 1979. "Welfare Comparisons and Equivalence Scales," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(2), pages 216-21, May.
  16. Nelson, Julie A, 1993. "Household Equivalence Scales: Theory versus Policy?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 11(3), pages 471-93, July.
  17. Dale W. Jorgenson & Daniel T. Slesnick, 1984. "Aggregate Consumer Behaviour and the Measurement of Inequality," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 51(3), pages 369-392.
  18. Lewbel, Arthur, 1989. "Household equivalence scales and welfare comparisons," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 377-391, August.
  19. Robert A. Pollak, 1969. "Conditional Demand Functions and Consumption Theory," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 83(1), pages 60-78.
  20. Chiappori, Pierre-Andre, 1988. "Rational Household Labor Supply," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(1), pages 63-90, January.
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