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Une revue de la littérature sur les échelles d'équivalence

  • Lechene, V.

[ger] Die Äquivalenzskalen: ein Überblick iiber die Fachliteratur, . von Valérie Lechene.. . Die Modellierung der Auswirkungen des Vorhandenseins von Kindern auf das Wirtschaftsverhalten hat Stoff für eine umfangreiche und umstrittene Iiteratur geliefert. Dies ist darauf zurückzufuhren, daß einerseits für die Beantwortung zahlreicher Wirtschaftsfragen die Messung der Kosten eines Kindes erforderlich wird und daß andererseits auch weiterhin Unklarheiten hinsichtlich des Anwendungsbereichs der gegenwärtig existierenden Modelle bestehen. Die Integrierung der soziodemographischen Merkmale in das mikroökonomische Instrument führt zur Erstellung von Äquivalenzskalen, die wie Indizes der Merkmalskosten konzipiert sind und bei der Analyse der Nachfrage und zur Messung des Lebensstandards verwandt werden. Ich erörtere das grundlegende Problem der Identifizierung der Skalen auf der Basis von Nachfragedaten und zeige auf, was die Äquivalenzskalen tatsächlich messen. Des weiteren präsentiere ich die Modelle von Engel, Rothbarth, Barten und Prais sowie von Houtnakker, die die am meisten verwandten Modelle darstellen. [spa] Examen detallado de la literatura relativa a las escalas de equivalencia, . por Valérie Lechene.. . La modelización del efecto introducido por los hijos en cuanto a los comportamientos eœnômiœs ha dado lugar a una literatura tan abundante como discutida. Ello se dériva, en primer lugar, del hecho que la valoración del costo de los hijos se demuestra necesaria para responder a numerosos interrogantes económicos y, en segundo lugar, debido a que subsisten ambigüedades en cuanto al campo de aplicación de los modelos actualmente existentes. La integración de las características sociodemográficas en la herramienta rnicroeconómica conduce a la construcción de escalas de equivalencia, proyectadas como otros tantos índices del coste de las características, y utilizadas en análisis de la demanda y para la valoración del bienestar. El autor présenta el problema fundamen

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Paper provided by DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure) in its series DELTA Working Papers with number 93-04.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 1993
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Economie et Statistique, 1993, no. 110-111 (4/5), pp.169-182
Handle: RePEc:del:abcdef:93-04
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  1. Deaton, Angus S & Muellbauer, John, 1986. "On Measuring Child Costs: With Applications to Poor Countries," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(4), pages 720-44, August.
  2. Haddad, L. & Kanbur, R., 1989. "How Serious Is The Neglectof Intra-Household Inequality?," Papers 450, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
  3. Blackorby, C. & Donaldson, D., 1991. "Equivalence Scales And the Costs of Children," G.R.E.Q.A.M. 91a14, Universite Aix-Marseille III.
  4. Pollak, Robert A., 1991. "Welfare comparisons and situation comparisons," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1-2), pages 31-48, October.
  5. Jorgenson, Dale W & Slesnick, Daniel T, 1987. "Aggregate Consumer Behavior and Household Equivalence Scales," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 5(2), pages 219-32, April.
  6. Pollak, Robert A, 1969. "Conditional Demand Functions and Consumption Theory," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 83(1), pages 60-78, February.
  7. Nelson, Julie A, 1993. "Household Equivalence Scales: Theory versus Policy?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 11(3), pages 471-93, July.
  8. Pollak, Robert A & Wales, Terence J, 1981. "Demographic Variables in Demand Analysis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(6), pages 1533-51, November.
  9. Lewbel, Arthur, 1989. "Household equivalence scales and welfare comparisons," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 377-391, August.
  10. Schultz, T.P., 1990. "Testing The Neoclassical Model Of Family Labor Supply And Fertility," Papers 601, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  11. Jorgenson, Dale W & Slesnick, Daniel T, 1984. "Aggregate Consumer Behaviour and the Measurement of Inequality," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(3), pages 369-92, July.
  12. Thomas, D., 1989. "Intra-Household Resource Allocation: An Inferential Approach," Papers 586, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  13. Lazear, Edward P. & Michael, Robert T., 1988. "Allocation of Income within the Household," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226469669, May.
  14. Deaton, Angus S & Ruiz-Castillo, Javier & Thomas, Duncan, 1989. "The Influence of Household Composition on Household Expenditure Patterns: Theory and Spanish Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(1), pages 179-200, February.
  15. Chiappori, Pierre-Andre, 1988. "Rational Household Labor Supply," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(1), pages 63-90, January.
  16. Pollak, Robert A & Wales, Terence J, 1979. "Welfare Comparisons and Equivalence Scales," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(2), pages 216-21, May.
  17. Muellbauer, John, 1980. "The Estimation of the Prais-Houthakker Model of Equivalence Scales," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(1), pages 153-76, January.
  18. Deaton,Angus & Muellbauer,John, 1980. "Economics and Consumer Behavior," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521296762.
  19. Browning, Martin, 1992. "Children and Household Economic Behavior," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 1434-75, September.
  20. Nelson, Julie A, 1988. "Household Economies of Scale in Consumption: Theory and Evidence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 56(6), pages 1301-14, November.
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