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The relationship between economic growth and inequality: evidence from the age of market liberalism

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  • Gerardo Angeles-Castro

Abstract

Using a panel data set of countries this paper shows that the inequality-growth relationship follows an ordinary-U curve during the period 1970-98, in which inequality first decreases and then increases with economic growth. In addition, there is some evidence that the increasing pattern may reverse at higher levels of income. A time-series approach shows that a substantial group of countries capture a minimum turning point in different years along the period and others follow a permanent positive trend. It also indicates that only a few countries reverse inequality in a latter stage and display a maximum turning point after the mid 1990s; these countries are associated with macroeconomic stability, high governance and moderate expansion of trade and FDI. Hence, the inequality-growth relationship during the era of market openness has tended to change towards a positive one, although it might reverse at a later stage.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerardo Angeles-Castro, 2006. "The relationship between economic growth and inequality: evidence from the age of market liberalism," DEGIT Conference Papers c011_009, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  • Handle: RePEc:deg:conpap:c011_009
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    File URL: http://degit.sam.sdu.dk/papers/degit_11/C011_009.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. De Gregorio, Jose & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2002. "Education and Income Inequality: New Evidence from Cross-Country Data," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 48(3), pages 395-416, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Eric S. Lin & Hamid E. Ali, 2009. "Military Spending and Inequality: Panel Granger Causality Test," Journal of Peace Research, Peace Research Institute Oslo, vol. 46(5), pages 671-685, September.
    2. repec:hur:ijarbs:v:7:y:2017:i:6:p:73-88 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Muhammad Shahbaz, 2010. "Income inequality-economic growth and non-linearity: a case of Pakistan," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(8), pages 613-636, July.
    4. Gerardo Angeles-Castro, 2007. "Factors Driving Changes in Income Distribution in Post-Reform Mexico," Studies in Economics 0706, School of Economics, University of Kent.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Income Distribution; Economic Growth; Dynamic Panel Data Models; Time-Series Analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F01 - International Economics - - General - - - Global Outlook
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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