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¿Por qué fue España un país con alta protección industrial? Evidencias desde la protección efectiva 1870-1930

  • Antonio Tena Junguito

    ()

Este trabajo enmarca la política comercial española en el contexto de la historia de la protección Europea. Su principal objetivo es poner en evidencia las contradicciones del debate historiográfico sobre el nivel y las causas de la protección industrial en la economía española. La nueva evidencia ofrecida por las tasas de protección efectiva en todos los sectores industriales y agrícolas de bienes de importación permite interpretar los tempranos inicios y la larga continuidad de la protección industrial española. Esta evidencia a poya la hipótesis del protagonismo del sector textil y su resistencia a abandonar los privilegios obtenidos como “industrias nacientes”, como rasgo estructural del proteccionismo español. Las necesidades fiscales, las negociaciones comerciales internacionales, y sobre todo el ciclo económico explican mejor los cambios y las coyunturas de la historia de la protección en España.

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Paper provided by Universidad Carlos III, Instituto Figuerola de Historia y Ciencias Sociales in its series Working Papers in Economic History with number dh021002.

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Date of creation: Nov 2002
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Handle: RePEc:cte:whrepe:dh021002
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  1. Grossman, Gene M & Helpman, Elhanan, 1995. "Trade Wars and Trade Talks," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(4), pages 675-708, August.
  2. Anthony P. Thirlwall, 2011. "The Balance of Payments Constraint as an Explanation of International Growth Rate Differences," PSL Quarterly Review, Economia civile, vol. 64(259), pages 429-438.
  3. S. Lael Brainard & Thierry Verdier, 1993. "The Political Economy of Declining Industries: Senescent Industry Collapse Revisited," NBER Working Papers 4606, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Baack, Bennett D. & Ray, Edward John, 1983. "The political economy of tariff policy: A case study of the United States," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 73-93, January.
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